The Spanish Rise and Fall Tyler Barron 30 September, 2010 Spains incoming into Atlantic exploration first sparked a diplomatical crisis betwixt the Spanish and Portuguese. Portugal feared that Spains intrusion might endanger its big(a)-won craft enterprises in Africa and the Atlantic islands. Spain, however, claimed the right to explore freely. In 1493 the pope colonised the dispute by drawing a bound roughly three hundred miles west of Portugals westernmost holdings. Spanish exploration, he declared, was to be confined to areas west of the word of mouth (that is, to the impertinent World) and Portuguese activity to areas east of it ( to Africa and India). A socio-economic class later, Spain and Portugal updated the balance in the Treaty of Tordesillas, Which moved the line an special 1,000 miles westward. most of the Western Hemisphere fell exclusively to Spain, at least(prenominal) in the eyes of Roman Catholics. Over the next some(prenominal) decades the Spanish monarchs recruited hardened veterans of the Reconquista to lead its New World liquidation efforts. Hernando Cortes was ace such figure. In 1519 Cortes landed on the mainland of Mexico with an array of vi hundred soldiers. Within three years he and his handsome force had conquered the mighty Aztec Empire.
Although it is tempting to suppose that Cortess conquest was the product of technological superiority, his weapons made less contrariety in the outcome than did several other factors. More definitive than guns and wards were the warhorses and firing dogs that Cortes used to instill anxiety. More important than war,! which emphatic hard strikes against both armed and civilian tar take ons. This suit of ply was much more ceremonial in temper and extra in scope. Cortes was also adept at cultivating diplomatic advantages. An Indian woman whom he called Dona Marina served as his translator and heathenish adviser, and with her serving the conquistadors gained military support from numbers tribes of Mexican Indians...If you hope to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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