Sunday, December 30, 2018

Microsoft Office Review Assignment Page Win34

2. Shelly folder-lists view Computer-shows the disk drives and hardware connected to this computer. reuse bin-Contains the files and folders you have deleted. Mozilla Firefox-Lists mend HP photosmart-HP Photosmart infixed 3. 5, also listed location McAfee trade protection scan-listed the location Windows update-Delivers software updates and drivers and provides automatic updating options. Microsoft Security Assentials- Microsoft Security Assentials Malwarebytes anti-malware-malwarebytes anti-malware, also listed where its stored. . 22 4. 1 5. 2 6. The button on the task bar is highlighted and the top of the sift says untitled paint. 8. 0 9. I up right hand clicked the paint button on the taskbar and right clicked close window. 10. cut, copy, paste, undo, redo, select all, layout, folder and face options, delete, rename, remove properties, properties, and close. 11. I clicked help and consequently went down to view help and clicked on that. This dialog box is used to vortex h elpful suggestions on recovering files from the reuse bin. 2. I clicked libraries on the left stance of the window and documents was right underneath of it. 13. It contained hotshot video clip called Wildlife. 14. I selected special large icons and the icon looked the same vindicatory became large. 16. I chose understanding guarantor and unhazardous computing from the bulleted list of options to choose from in the help and support window. I larn that there are 4 ways you can protect your pc from security threats. 17. 12 topics, 30 topics

Monday, December 24, 2018

'Aids in India\r'

'Why is the A.I.D.S. pestilent customary in India? There argon many(prenominal) portions that contri nonwithstandinge to the spread of the ailment but in my opinion, two are to a greater extent pronounced than the rest. Prevailing cultural practices and frugalal factors would count as one. This lead tell beyond a doubt that my mirror image is acceptable, as the factors below would reveal.If we observe the geographic boundaries of India, it appears that the assist pandemic is more concentrate with the southerly provinces than it is in the North. The reason of job is the disparity in the context of economic conditions.While the South enjoys a much break up standard of living, it standardisedwise becomes more suasible to the spread of the assist computer virus. Remember that support/human immunodeficiency virus transmission transpired first in more advanced urban centers like the West and East Coast of the unify States (Atwal & axerophthol; Alexander).In India, t he epidemic follows the same channel; the influx of migrant workers is a concur off point. Natur altogethery in the fall of their cling, they are bound to ease up a casual rendezvous with the local fire workers. This is typical with workers coming from the Northern States (Uttar Pradesh) for spokesperson enters Mumbai to become part of the labor force, so in effect they are the point of reference of human immunodeficiency virus transmission.This phenomenon likewise limits the spread of the disease to the Northern States beca routine s support migrant workers stay indefinitely and lots postpone trips rearward home, thus delaying the transmission of the virus to their wives (Atwal & Alexander).An separate factor that definitely promotes the spread of human immunodeficiency virus points to the cultural upbringing of the populace. Did you know that sex, as a topic, is taboo to most in India? More everywhere, discussion of sex in commonplace is inviolable where age-old tra ditions of the sacred denominations abhor even the slight mention of the word. So what happens future(a) (Indo-Asian intelligence activity Service)?Besides, the volume of the macrocosm are illiterate and unschooled, so you nates rule out the possibility of educating them on the merits of human immunodeficiency virus measure. Culture further contributes by keeping residents mum about the disease.Even though the symptoms manifest in them, still they disown to enter treatment centers because of the stigma that is believably to follow. Even monogamous women become inflicted with the human immunodeficiency virus virus, simply because their partners take in illicit personal matters with other women. In fact in that respect the relative incidence for human immunodeficiency virus is higher in women (Frith).Due to these cultural barriers, health workers cannot educate the majority and up to this day, inhabitants still practice unsafe sex where low condom use has been found resp onsible for 84% of report cases.Migration and mobility †due to economic reasons, workers prefer to blend working hours that keep them away from a healthy social environment ring by their families and community. This eventually puts them at chance, organism prone to unusual behavior (â€Å"Preventing HIV/ support in India).Recent studies indicate that a number of drug users today are switching from the inhalation to the injection of drugs, which is relevant to HIV transmission that is more often triggered by the use of unclean needles and syringes. Infections have also been attributed to the low status of women low the norms of Indian society.Given unequal power in relations as well as limited access to human, financial, and economic assets weakens the positioning of protection in the context of demanding safer sex, thereby increasing the risk (â€Å"Preventing HIV/ assist in India).The ethnic composition in India is likewise a big factor as the population has near 800 one gazillion gazillion Hindus and 150 one million million Muslims. This is vital because these religious sects never practice circumcision. And the health manuals are explicit in the assumption that circumcision thence can reduce health risks, the risk being seven times for uncircumcised males (Russell).As mentioned above, off from economic factors that helps spread the virus, cultural leanings as well helps to hide the actual incidence of HIV transmission. brass figures are so low that they seem to downplay the seriousness of the status.Even President George Bush of the get together States has been demoralised by the fact that India shows no engross and restricts the outside manhood from helping retard the AIDS epidemic. That is the reason why the United States’ campaign against AIDS has been transferred to Vietnam (Russell).As of today, 22 million lives dry landwide have been lost to the HIV/AIDS virus and most of these casualties originated from Southern Afr ica. Will India be next? whole indicators point out to India to probably consent to the same fate, as cc million of its population are already infected with the virus and a little over 5 million are in truth suffering from a full short-winded AIDS transmission system (Indo-Asian pertlys Service).When pass on HIV/AIDS reach indocile proportion? The HIV/AIDS situation in India is starting to manifest its flagitious head through government except and unsound curriculums. Detailed below are the failed attempts of the government as well as the unfruitful intervention of nongovernmental organizations and private foundations in the social movement against the spread of HIV/AIDS in India.The sub-Saharan region of Africa already registered 13 million deaths due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic while another(prenominal) 25 million are report be infected with the virus. Recent reports from other countries once categorized as severely infected have shown signs of abating (Beaubien).Thought of as the principal(prenominal) reason for the onset of the AIDS epidemic happens to be poor rain conditions that have made a significant blow on local harvests; adding most likely to the severe food crises.During its heyday, the African epidemic pulls out healthy and productive workers from the handle due to pukeness or to aid in the care for a sick relative. And due to this shortage apart from the craving to avert hunger, some women traded sex for food, which thereby increases the risk further.Africa has the highest rate of HIV contagious disease in the world to date, but not anymore because as mentioned, figures could be deceiving (Evers).Given the familiarise rate of HIV transmitting in India, the number for AIDS could reach a total of 25 million by the year 2010 to eclipse the cases registered in Africa. That is if the establishment in India would disregard all efforts to crack the disease.The government should accept the fact that the infection has reached epidemic p roportion, so a world effort from the United Nations, donor countries and NGO’s could help thwart the virus in its tracks (â€Å" populace AIDS News”).A medical expert from India, Dr Ishwar Gilada presents a in the altogether assessment of the situation. Sooner or later, India will be home to half of the world’s HIV-infected people with nigh 200 million of its population infected with the virus, of which around 10 million already undertake a full-blown status where roughly 1 million patients have already died.And if the Government fails in its endeavor to falsify the epidemic, then the projected 25 million cases could be expected in the next two years (â€Å" humanness AIDS News”).The projection is bleak thence since the Global Fund intended for the streak of AIDS urgently needs some 700 million dollars to support its outlined projects. The snoot and Melinda Gates Foundation for example has assure 200 million dollars in its India AIDS initiative.T he grant will be use to help support HIV prevention measures in the Indian States of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Manipur and Nagaland (â€Å"World AIDS News”).What has the Government through so far? India’s argue against AIDS started in 1992 through the World Bank-financed National AIDS Program. The effort was nationwide in scope that set-up AIDS maintain offices in 32 states and union territories.The program in some way increased access to information, tuition and conversation programs, using media and regular communication mediums such as folk music, festivals, HIV consciousness campaigns and even elephant parades to broadcast the risks manifold in HIV (â€Å"India: Stemming the AIDS plaguey”).Other Government initiatives include blood rubber eraser measures or the mandatory screening conducted by most blood banks, which banned paid blood donations while promoting it as instinctive and systems-wide strategy to improve blood banks services.All these som ehow raised public awareness on the evils of HIV/AIDS, informing around 80% of the population; 64% in the countryside, curiously the high-risk group.Some positive observations have already been stipulated with reports coming from the states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal, all presenting encouraging feedback for their HIV programs (â€Å"India: Stemming the AIDS epidemic”).There are still persistent reports that the Government effort does not suffice with the act rise of the HIV/AIDS. The information drive and prevention measures seem to have failed in its drive to educate the majority.The think-tank in New Delhi failed to show remarkable strides in the believe to contain the epidemic. The world may serious as well brace for a 19% full-blown AIDS infection rate by 2020 or that would be around 200 million cases.\r\n'

Sunday, December 23, 2018

'Psychsim 5: Operant Conditioning\r'

' neoclassic Versus Operant Conditioning: Classical and Operant differ in when an sheath defends place. Classical conditioning involves an outcome, and then a conditioned response, while Operant relies on a decision, knowing what the following event may be. musical accompaniment and Punishment: Reinforcement increases the in all probabilityhood of the demeanour repeating. fine-looking a dock a treat for coming in later going to the bathroom outside. Removing chores when a teen obeys their curfew. Punishment decreased the likelyhood of the behaviour repeating. giving a child relief for hitting a kid in class. Continuous Versus Partial ReinforcementThe behaviour could likely stop as well. Schedules of Reinforcement bounteous accompaniment aft(prenominal) a unalterable number of responses. Paying a teenager after they complete 5 chores. Giving reinforcement after a response, after a uninterrupted list of magazine has elapsed. Letting a child take a 15 minute de-escala te for every hour of homework they do. Giving reinforcement after a changing number of responses. Gamblers at a expansion slot machine dont know how often theyll be reinforced. Giving reinforcement after a response, after a changing amount of time has elapsed. Fishermen dont have a constent reinforcement after casting their line.Simulated Experiment: varying balance is the most resistant to liquidation long term. In any constant situation, the subject may notice a pattern in the number of responses they must(prenominal) provide, or how long they must dwell for a reinforcement. In a inconsistent detachment senario, its true they will resolve more because they dont know how short the interval may be, but they wont be incessantly responding. In a variable ratio schedule, the subject would have to keep responding, and after a changing amount of responses last be reinforced. This would keep the subject responding at a higher rate.\r\n'

Saturday, December 22, 2018

'Thomas Hart Benton\r'

'Thomas H prowess Benton was born in Neosho, Missouri in 1889. His family had a illustrious governmental history: his father existence a congressman. Benton’s family had a political career planed for him from the beginning. To this he always rebelled, as he had a natural listing towards imposture. In 1907 the operative began his studies at the maneuver Institute of Chicago. However two long clip later he firm to voyage to Paris to continue his studies in the keen of the classic academic art. He larn some(prenominal) European calls and tried them only by turns, alone neither of them would bring together with his personalised vision.It was the beginning of the 20th ampere-second and the esthetic perception of people was wiped out(p) by the successive parading of many antithetical movements that lived shortly and were replaced by new ideas. The human being of art was then unsteady and in constant motion. Benton eventually eliminated all the neo influence an d turned to his own call, a mixture of other European visions, that intermingle together to create an exclusive, very personal approach to the practical idea. He decided to look for his own path as he returned to the States four years later.He worked as a draftsman for the united States naval forces in 1919 and this period changed his technique dramatically. During this dot he created many sketches submiting ship aliveness, which gave him a new perspective and idea for his rising work: the use of simplex tone scenes as theme for his pictures. The artist adopted the new style of sentiment Painting and began to create whole caboodle of art in a more real and traditional perspective, joining the style cognise as Regionalism, that was taking over the the Statesn interest of the era. surrounded by the 1920 and 1940 there was an chaste phenomenon in America cognise as shaft Painting. It was a style of naturalist magnetic inclination that evolved from the instability that World War I caused into the mentality of people. Many American artists began to protest the modern esthetic ideas that migrated from Europe to new York and they started to operate a return to the academic vision. The search for realistic representation displace their attention towards urban and rural scenes.Most of those works bring together the balance amid the romanticism of the American everyday life, combine with the nationalist vision of the period. Some pieces portray typical scenes from small towns, in a kind of social art style that displays the realism of the typical living. Some backbreaking on province scenes while others favored to illustrate the urban ambiance. The style known as Regionalism is mostly concentrated on small-town scenes. This movement grew in America in the first half of the 20th nose candy as artists rejected the city life and turned their attention towards the rural expression of society.In a country where everything was focused on progr ess, modernization and degraded-growing technology, the charms of rural life attracted the interest of the artists almost in the alike(p) way that Far East orison had stimulated the creative imagination of amorous painters. During the Great imprint this style was greatly appreciated because it brought the spirit of the American subdued life of the heartland, at a time when people were concerned, panicked and threatened by the very modern world they had adore so far, that seemed to be collapsing.The peaceful images of the country life were reassuring in the center field of the chaos. The fall of Wall Street, the Great Depression and the growing fascism in Europe brought a period of auto-reflection in America and a rising isolation towards Europe, in the artistic scene as well as the political stage. In the eyes of many Americans the abstractionism of modern European art symbolized an emergent decadence of European culture, a lack of imagination that demonstrated a poor state of spirit in the old world.This provoked the return to the realistic art of images and the pursuit for something truly and rigorously American to adopt as subjects for future works. Together with social realism, the Regionalists produced images about the United States that covered subjects departure from the sinister nakedness of the country fields to the arrogance and splendour of a new rural paradise. Scenes enactment country houses and farms by Charles Burchfield and the desolated images of the urban America of Edward Hopper create an intense esthesis of loneliness and despair.The expressionistic and fantastic style used in those pieces offer the paintings a desolated aspect that reminds the viewer of the boring quotidian existence of a provincial community. This is a quality that might pass as poetic, fantastic, romantic and deeply mental. With the many changes going on in the country, the American in the public eye(predicate) and artists gradually detached from the Euro pean style they had conditionerly admired. The vogue was no protracted to accept the Parisian taste, or pursue French artists established in advanced York.A new generation was searching for a pure American vision, a form of art that would illustrate the typical American scenes, from their local points of view. Regionalism was â€Å"a reaction against the European domination of American art” (Brady M. Roberts, (1995) p. 1) Between the effects of the war, the Great Depression and the fast paced modernization chase, the United States seemed like a very hard place, cold, rough and threatening.Scene Paintings paint a picture the transitory lives of people that come and go, but also suggest the steady office of characters trapped in the eternal casual of rural existence, creating a very psychological atmosphere, that contrasts with the image of the cold stone-made civilizations Americans lived in. Rural was at the same time exotic and common, and offered a great subject for a rtists since it combined consecrate nature, landscape and everyday scenes. Regionalist style had its primary(prenominal) period around the 1930 to 1935.\r\n'

Thursday, December 20, 2018

'Rational Rose Manual\r'

' visit with wise parcel couturier Create and veer a UML 2. 0 sit down into canon dexterity Level: Introductory Eric Long ([email protected] ibm. com) package place IBM 21 Mar 2006 apt Softw atomic number 18 fashion purpo unwrapr virtually teems with ocular tools to handle a number of maturement tasks. Of most interest to developers argon UML mildew, frame forms, and UML-to-code qualifyations. After complementary this tutorial, you will survive how to create a UML exemplification, apply a design configuration to that moulding, and, finally, transform the abstract model into veritable code. naval division 1. Before you start judicious® softwargon product interior decorator provides developers, architects, and analysts optical tools for a wide variety of software phylogenesis tasks. This tutorial introduces a few of these powerful visual tools: UML modeling, design practices, and UML transformations. About this tutorial Learn how to create, edit, an d go bad UML models using shrewd parcel architect. This tutorial demonstrates the undermentioned perspicacious software product house decorator capabilities: • UML modeling go steady with thinking(prenominal) software package Architect © secure IBM hatful 2006. every rights reserved. Trademarks page 1 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks send off patterns • UML transformations This tutorial is intended for software developers, architects, and analysts interested in learning about lucid software Architects visual modeling capabilities. If you want to learn how to transform upper-level UML models into actual code without even k right awaying a particular programming language, this tutorial is for you. Objectives After completing this tutorial, you will k promptly how to use sharp software package Architect to create UML projects and models, apply design patterns to those models (new or existing), and transform UML models into denotation code or into a different type of model.Prerequisites This tutorial assumes that you have both(prenominal) knowledge of coffeeâ„¢ programming, and design patterns. Knowledge of UML models is helpful, entirely not required. System requirements To run the examples in this tutorial, raise sagacious Software Architect. If you dont have a imitation of Rational Software Architect, download a open trial version. wholly of the prerequisites for Rational Software Architect are located in the Resources section of this tutorial. atom 2. Create a UML modeling project To propose started, you need to do some initial wane up. First, create a UML project and model. StepsCreating a UML modeling project is very short: depict with Rational Software Architect © procure IBM batch 2006. all rights reserved. Trademarks rogue 2 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Open Rational Software Architect. Open the mannikin perspective by assigning Open Persp ective > Modeling from the Window menu. function sure all of your open projects are closed. get hold of overbold > Project… from the File menu. Ensure the fork out all in all Wizards box is checked. Expand the Modeling cusp. charter UML Project. body- make water 1. The New Project windowpanepane 8. 9. pokey Next.Name your project DWorks poseProject. form 2. UML Modeling Project window interpret with Rational Software Architect © copyright IBM smoke 2006. all in all rights reserved. Trademarks paginate 3 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks 10. leaf Next. 11. Fill in the Create a UML project wizard as follows: • strike UML Modeling for the File types. • take on Blank Model for the Templates. • destroy PatternModel for the File name. • Leave the remaining defaults. The wizard should font like this: conception 3. Create UML Model window cast with Rational Software Architect © secure IBM wad 2006.All rights res erved. Trademarks rascal 4 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® 12. Click Finish. 13. The Model adventurer view contains your UML Project, DWorksDesignPattern and your blank UML model, PatternModel. emx. fig 4. Current Model venturer view regard with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM lodge 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 5 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks See, wasnt that easy? Now, on to the more exciting part of the tutorial. Lets build the model using RSAs user-friendly visual tools. sectionalization 3. Model a design patternNow its time to select a design pattern, apply that design pattern to a model, observe all relationships of the pattern, and add dimensions and trading operations to the model. Design patterns in RSA Rational Software Architect comes packaged with support for all of the Gang of quatern design patterns. You also have the ability to consequence and create your own design patterns. subscribe to a desi gn pattern 1. 2. Select Show aspect > Other… from the Window menu. Expand the Modeling folder and select Pattern explorer. come in 5. Select Pattern Explorer witness with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM federation 2006.All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 6 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® 3. 4. 5. Click OK. In the Pattern Explorer view, everywherestate Design Patterns > Behavioral. Select the reviewer pattern. lop out 6. The Observer Design Pattern Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 7 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks 6. 7. 8. To learn about the pattern, on-off switch between the Overview and Short Description tabs at the quarter of the Pattern Explorer view. In the Pattern Explorer view, drag-and-drop Observer onto DesignPatterns blank plat.The editor should contain an pattern of the Observer Design Pattern that looks like this: epitome 7. Observer Pattern Instance Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 8 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® Apply a design pattern 1. In DesignPatterns editor, hover over ConcreteObserver and select Enter argument name/ order…. physical body 8. Enter argument 2. Name the disceptation Shopper, then press Enter. The Observer instance now has a concrete observer named Shopper. Lets add a parameter using a different approach.From the pallet (right of diagram), wiener to expand the Class Diagram section. mannikin 9. Palette 3. Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 9 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks 4. 5. 6. Select Class and click anyplace in the diagram (do not click on the Observer instance). Name the newly created class secernate and press Enter. Drag-and-drop graze onto ConcreteSubje ct in the Observer instance. estimate 10. Drag-and-drop ConcreteSubject Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006.All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 10 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® 7. Your diagram should look similar to this (you might not imagine all of the relationships… youll fix that in the next section). Figure 11. Observer instance Observe the design pattern relationships 1. Right-click on any element in the DesignPattern diagram. Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 11 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks 2. Select Filters > Show Related Elements… from the context menu.Figure 12. Show relationships 3. Select Show All Relationships from the Custom Query list. Figure 13. Show/Hide Relationships Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 12 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 13 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks 4. 5. Click OK You great deal see all of the elements and relationships represented in this model: Figure 14. Observer pattern 6.Now you are train to add some elements to your blank Observer design pattern model. Add methods and attributes to a model Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 14 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® 1. 2. In the PatternModel editor, right-click the Order concrete subject. Select Add UML > attribute. Figure 15. Add attribute 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Type -orderNum : String (the â€Å"-” makes the attribute private). Press Enter. Repeat the same steps on Shopper, but name the attribute -custID : String.In the PatternModel editor, right-click the Shopper concrete subject. Select Add UML > operation. Type +makeOrder() (the â€Å"+” makes the operation public). PatternModels editor should now look like this: Figure 16. Observer pattern Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 15 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks Good work! You have completed your model (a very elemental model) and can use Rational Software Architects tools to transform this model into actual code. particle 4. Transform your model into Java codeNow that you have a completed model within your UML project, you are vent to transform that model to actual code. Rational Software Architect supports the Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 16 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® following model-to-code transformations out of the box: • UML -> Java • UML -> E JB • UML -> XSD • UML -> CORBA • UML -> C++ However, if you would like more options, there are built-in tools and wizards that let you create custom transformations in Rational Software Architect.You are going to transform your existing model into Java. Transform a UML model to Java code 1. In the Model Explorer view, expand DWorksPatternProject. Figure 17. Expanded project 2. 3. In the Model Explorer view, select both Order and Shopper. Right-click on either of the selected objects and select Transform > guide on Transformation > UML †Java. Figure 18. strain transformation Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 17 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks 4.In the Run this Transformation window, click Create new fanny Container…. Figure 19. Transformation window Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 18 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® 5. In the New Java Project window, name the project DWorksTransformedJava. Figure 20. New Java project Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 19 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. com/developerWorks 6. 7. Click Finish.Now that you are back in the Run this Transformation window, click Run. RSA transforms the model into Java source code. The Model Explorer view should contain this Java project: Figure 21. Transformed Java project 8. Double-click Order. java to see the transformed code. The code should look like this: Figure 22. Transformed Order class Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 20 of 22 ibm. com/developerWorks developerWorks® Try running play a different transformation from UML-to-C++ and explore the results. Section 5. Conclusion Congratulatio ns!In this tutorial, you covered the knowledgeableness of a UML project and model, selecting and applying a design pattern to a model, adding and editing attributes and operations to a model, and transforming that model into actual code. You did all of this without even writing a line of code! It is easy to see (even with this simple tutorial) how visual UML modeling tools simplify code development. At this point, you might want to explore some of the cogitate in the Resources section of this tutorial. Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 21 of 22 developerWorks® ibm. om/developerWorks Resources Learn • Visit the developerWorks Rational zone to expand your Rational skills. • â€Å"Exposing Design flaws in your code: Part 1″ (developerWorks, August 2005) details the visual tools uncommitted to run internal code reviews in Rational Software Architect. • ” Visualize wit h Rational screening Developer” (developerWorks, February 2006) details the visualization capabilities of Rational Application Developer. • â€Å"Discover IBM Rational visual tools for application development” (developerWorks, February 2006) covers all of the different visual tools available in the Rational Software Development Platform. Stay current with developerWorks technical events and webcasts. Get products and technologies • Download a warrant trial version of Rational Software Architect. • var. your next development project with IBM trial software, available for download directly from developerWorks. Discuss • Participate in developerWorks blogs and get involved in the developerWorks community. About the condition Eric Long Eric Long is a Software Engineer in the IBM Developer Skills Program. Eric graduated from The University of Texas with a degree in Computer Science.He joined IBM in July of 2004 and currently whole shebang in Aus tin, Texas. As a Software Engineer, he provides technical information to developers on open source and industry trends and technologies through speaking engagements, web content, and stave consultations at IBM Academic Initiative member universities. His work also includes technical courses, demos, articles, and tutorials available at http://www. ibm. com/university and http://www. ibm. com/developerworks. Visualize with Rational Software Architect © Copyright IBM Corporation 2006. All rights reserved. Trademarks Page 22 of 22\r\n'

Wednesday, December 19, 2018

'Literature of Singapore\r'

'The writings of capital of capital of Singapore comprises a collection of literary whole caboodle by Singaporeans in any of the countrys quadruplet chief(prenominal) languages: English, Tamil, Chinese, and Malay. While Singaporean literary molds whitethorn be considered as also belonging to the belles-lettres of their specific languages, the belles-lettres of Singapore is viewed as a distinct body of literature portraying divers(a) aspects of Singapore society and forms a significant ploughshare of the culture of Singapore.Literature in all four official languages has been translated and showcased in publications such as the literary journal Singa, that was published in the 1980s and 1990s with editors including Edwin Thumboo and Koh gimp Song, as well as in polyglot anthologies such as Rhythms: A Singaporean millennial Anthology Of Poetry (2000), in which the poems were all translated three clock each into the three languages. A number of Singaporean writers such as Ta n Swie Hian and Kuo Pao Kun have contributed work in more than one language. However, such cross-linguistic fertilisation is becoming increasingly rare and it is without delay increasingly thought that Singapore has four sub-literatures or else of one.Literature being an integral part of the culture of Singapore also portrays the specific aspects of the Singaporean society. The literature of Singapore mainly consists of literary works by well-known Singaporean writers in the four major languages of the nation-English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil. The distinct body of literature offers a glimpse of the multi-cultural society and is also the literature of their specific languages.The familiar Singaporean writers like Tan Swie Hian and Kuo Pao Kun have do a significant contribution to the world of literature in Singapore. They have contributed their literary talent in more than one language. It is now considered that Singapore has four sub-literatures instead of one specific Singapor ean literature.Some of the everyday Singaporean writers are Aaron Lee, Muhammad Ariff Ahmad, Boey Kim Cheng, Felix Cheong, Rohani Din, Goh Poh Seng, Ivy Goh Nair, Liang Wern Fook, Rex Shelley, Kirpal Singh, Robert Yeo, Huzir Sulaiman, Colin Tan, Cyril Wong, Arthur Yap, Yong Shu Hoong and James Villanueva..\r\n'

Tuesday, December 18, 2018

'Problems Encountered by the Students Introduction Essay\r'

'The continuous information of school-age childs through the wait on of books, teachers, and even Internet is a fact which shows that friendship still flourishes in our humanity. Life as a school-age child is said to be fun nonetheless also stressful. Requirements, reports, and especially examinations abound student’s life especially during the high school life. In many cases, students of today’s society argon often provided with poor guinea pig skills, preventing them of all stake for a satisfying grade. Studying is a major(ip) concept of education, and if the problem continues more and more students volition be rejected from opportunities they wished they’d had. Opportunities that include future education at college, a chance to put one over important knowledge, or even an opportunity to mystify a high-paying job.\r\nTraditionally, teachers atomic number 18 encouraged to believe that the learning surround must be orderly and quiet. However, more teachers are using activities occurring at the same sequence buttocks make for noisy classrooms. But it would a mistake to conclude that in such classrooms student are not learning. Student that practice exuberant demeanor cause disciplinary problems in the classrooms student and have negative efforts on student it may also lead to low achievement. The importance of the study emerged from the fact that the above literature indicated that classroom problems wait the teachers, and try to investigate those problems in order to fix up with solutions.\r\nIn student’s mental abilities, teachers face in the classroom a multitude of students who suffer from the slow down, faltering and failure in learning and they requirement more time than their colleagues need to accomplish any learning task. Such students are characterized by a number of characteristics, including problems of language, oral expression, and unable to pay attention, memory problems, and the dispersal of a ttention.\r\nThe family lifestyle and environment will put its mark on unequivocal the behaviors of students. Some student’s behavior can be unacceptable at school. Also, the level of behavior that is acceptable and allowed in the family, the way the family acts with one another, leads the student to unacceptable performance in the school. Parents indirectly contend in creating problems when they insist on their kid’s grades, and achievements to be always high. This lead to feeling of anger, and worry, and attain student behavioral problems inside the classroom.\r\n'

Monday, December 17, 2018

'Great Expectations\r'

'â€Å"Gr eliminate on Expectations” was written in the mid nineteenth century by the cosmea famous unexampledist Charles Dickens. Of expose signifi tin tummyce is the blood mingled with germinate (a suppuration early days creation) and Mag enthr all told (an workd gyp) In Chapters One and cardinal we fill some the stolon and second meetings of the dickens characters, separated by 15 years. In Chapter nonp atomic number 18il of smashing Expectations topographic charge up is a humble, polite divest whose pargonnts died in front the beat of photography and he without delay lives with his sister and her husband\r\nMr Joe Gargery. As he has neer seen his pargonnts he uses the odour of their tombst hotshots to reward an image of what they would brace musical noneed the equals of. â€Å"The shape of the al piteousters on my begins, gave me an odd supposition that he was a square, stout, ug preeminencess homo, with curly shocking hair. † This suggests welt is a solitary sensitive son and i(a) who misses his parents and br new(prenominal)s. He as well goes on to delimit his m a nonher(prenominal) as a freckled and under(a) the weather wo hu populace cosmoss, non a genuinely high judgement of his m an otherwise(prenominal), maybe due to the fact that his sister (Mrs.\r\nJoe Gargery) is a cruel mother frame and an accurate retrieve at what his mother would olfactory sensation bid if she were alive. He also sucks his five brothers who unharmed died at a early age and he buried under tombst singles/lozenges all of them, he imagines innate(p) with their hands in their pockets lying on their backs. fleck goes on to drag the Kent fenlandes on which he lived as a truly ignominious place and a place that you could fade imagine as be shivery c sr. during the autumn and winter. Living on this raw marshland would be surd it was in an inhospitable purlieu one cold Christmas eve.\r\nAs flash en counters a composition that appears from amongst the graves, he is without a hat (Nineteenth century, gentlemen wore hats) and dolled up shabbily with a commodious urge on roughly his leg, it must control been unaccented to fleck that this man was a gyp. The man was all the track shivering and not dressed suitably for the weather. wrap up is therefore menace on a sum up of occasions, â€Å"Hold your hoo-ha! ” cried a fantastic voice, as a man started up from among the graves at the side of the church porch. â€Å"Keep take for everyplace, you little devil, or Ill cut your throat! The convict, Magwitch, issues imperatives/commands and orders bil permit around.\r\nThe convict goes on to demand aft(prenominal)wards very much deliberation, a excite and wittles ( intellectual nourishment), flog has been jeopardize by the convict term and again and one of the convicts methods of intimidation is by jeopardize blip with a somebody that goes by the fle sh â€Å"Young man”, he compares this infantile man to himself by bearing history himself an Angel in comparison, this young man is express to be able to eat a childs liver, quail his focusing into a male childs board and when they sprightliness reliable under their coers tear them open.\r\n buck is finally let go, to run home provided mean charm with the vox populi of this young man in his head speak uping approxi compeerly how to maintain pabulum from his cruel sister. Mrs. Joe Gargery is hard and score would be fortuity upon by the tickler file (a wooden stick) if caught stealing food or electrostatic suggesting big food to the convict (Magwitch). there is a of import metamorphose in the shoot of Chapter thirty-nine to the vile, labouring boy in Chapter one. dissipate has directly gr confess up into a 23 year old gentleman and 15 years declare elapsed since his unnerving ordeal on the marshes where he used to live.\r\nHe at a magazine has silver from a mystery benefactor and time on his hands, he reads for hour upon hour for much of the day (Not more plenty could read in the 19th century. It was an beta source of entertainment if you could read). Although sprout had his books, his flat mate Herbert had taken a travel to France, leaving him by himself, miserable and dispirited. The weather vie a extensive part in creating wittiness and nimbus as it was menacing and miserable outside. The annul rushing up the river shook the house that iniquity, the a standardiseds of discharges of shank, or breaking of a sea” which in an echo of Chapter 1 on the Kent marshes with the discharges of dismissnon signalling the escape of convicts. â€Å"The staircase lamps were b littlen out” showing it to be a marshy crepuscular environment.\r\n film indeed hears the sound of a single footstep on a stair, reservation him apprehensive and connecting it with creationness crept up upon by his absolutely si ster Mrs Joe Gargery in an forward chapter. Eager to fall in who or what it is, he remembers the fall upon outside and the weight darkness forward him. retrieve then, that the staircase-lights were b natural depressionn out, I as wellk up my reading-lamp and went out to the stair-head. Whoever was on a lower floor had stopped on beholding my lamp, for all was quiet. ” A voice answers him from the dark, shadow staircase. Moving the lamp closer to the rum trounce started to describe his face as universe browned by exposure to the weather which suggested that he worked in the palm as a labouer, attain is proud that he is no longer a â€Å"labouring boy” as Estella at erst called him. The colloquy betwixt strap the stranger †Magwitch reveals that he is bums benefactor.\r\n attain is then take aback to believe that Magwitch his puerility tormenter is his benefactor and tries to finger slip representation in which to c at one timern sink Havish am or any other brawny stack that he could depend of. The dialogue between them showed a signifi tint role reversal, with dart return orders and Magwitch like Pip in the marshes, holding on to virtually consent that he pass on be treated good-hearted by Pip. Pip doesnt demand any social occasion to do with this man and repulses him. Yet as the communication starts to end Pip starts to smack more than and more incriminated.\r\nHe call fors this to shit never of happened and regrets that his veritable lot develops from this convict. He starts to think to himself and use incarnation to describe the divagate and the come down. It ferments apparent that Pip is floor and astounded by this convince in events, even electrostatic does not wishing Magwitch to suffer the penalization due to him if he were to be caught in England. (hanging). The course credit in Chapter one of the gallows is a reminder to us of how cruelly prison houseers could be treated in strai ght-laced times.\r\nThe escaped convict in Chapter one, was revealed to be named Magwitch, He had escaped from the prison ships and almosthow do his way by dint of the Kent marshes to the burial ground where Pip, was mourning his dead family, Magwitch had no objective hope of surviving on the harsh, golosh temperatures and gale force noses of the marsh environment. He needed to commute this boy to take outside(a) him food and some sort of tool to finish off the great iron from his legs. The and way to delay that Pip would do what he chartered was to install upkeep in him.\r\nMagwitch cleverly victimisation the idea of has protect Pip from another young man. He ensured that Pip was divergence to piss grow him some food and a file, exactly becalm had to quiet in the marshes everyplace darkness holding onto some hope that Pip might come back. Magwitch in Chapter thirty-nine is a affluent man having made a fortune Australia and is now looking towards Pip for ho pe. Hes come all the way from Australia entirely is still a fugitive. He hopes that Pip will live with him into his brio. Pips rejection of him as be his benefactor must prevail been a capacious bombshell to Magwitch to see the inconsistency on Pips face.\r\nMagwitch has worn-out(a) 15 years imagine of this meeting with â€Å"my boy” Pip. Hes grateful to â€Å"noble snap” that processed him on the marshes. He must be agony by Pips rejection. On the sound of the second fecal matternon another captive escapes from the prison ships. He disembowels to pencil eraser in the marshes and is launch by Pip as a intoxicated convict. When Pip tells Magwitch of the man he is instantly galvanise and files international trying to turn back the great iron of his leg. Pip thinks this man was the young man Magwitch was use to intimidate him yet it wasnt.\r\n on that point is no clear explanation of why Magwitch and Compeyson (the second escaped convict) train a r ivalry but the pock on Compeysons aspect tells a manageable story in itself. Many of a thing could incur happened to top in Compeyson obtaining a scar on his cheek but the most public view is a most probable iron out with Magwitch. Compeyson in chapter thirty-nine is a man still eagerly awaiting visit on Magwitch (whose alias is Provis). He finds out that Magwitch has come to England and sees this as his chance to arse around Magwitch back into prison/executed.\r\nHe follows the movements of magwitch for a solid amount of time; Magwitch is caught and almost killed by a ships awful rotating wheel. Provis succeeds in his revenge, and Magwitch later dies in a hospital issue beside Pip giving him a sort of clemency to marry his daughter Estella. There are right on descriptions of settings throughout the fresh, such as the dark muddied Kent marshes and the dark staircase of the flat in London. The riding horse can surrender a huge centre on the imagination of the rati fier and the mood the causation is trying to convey.\r\nDuring the early stages of chapter one Pip gives the readers a clear understanding of what the marshes looked like in the excoriate, â€Å"Ours was the marsh country, shovel in by the river, within, as the river wound, twenty miles of the sea. ” This solo tells me the marshes are located in a not too dissimilar skirt to London in the way a river passes through it, but as a source of education to tell if the make loveledge domain is widely populated or if the building are fairly new or maybe old.\r\nIt doesnt assistance that much, maybe a by design written mankind of setting by Charles Dickens, giving the reader the chance to use there own imaginative granting immunity to collapse a psychological picture in their minds. â€Å"that the dark flat state of nature beyond the churchyard, intersected with dykes and mounds and gates, with divide cattle feeding on it, was the marshes; and that the low threatenin g line beyond, was the river”. Have project of a iniquity story. Dickens sets a deject mood to rise the audience for something scary. The alliteration”low leaden line” the metaphor â€Å"savage hideaway” enhance the atmosphere of ominous brooding.\r\nChapter thirty-nine opens with a setting of real importance. Without Dickens clever use of short circuit and long sentences, repetition, metaphors and soulfulnessification, Chapter Thirty-nine in my opinion wouldnt be as strong and would reduce the whole stop of the chapter when Pips benefactor is revealed to him. â€Å"It was nauseating weather; angry and wet, invadey and wet; and mud, mud, mud, mysterious in all the streets. day after day, a vast heavy obnubilate had been driving over London from the eastside, and it drove still, as if in the East there were an Eternity of steal and wind.\r\nSo impetuous had been the gusts, that high buildings in township had had the lead bleak off their roofs; and in the country, trees had been bust up, and sails of windmills carried away; and dispirited accounts had come in from the coast, of ruin and death. Violent blasts of rain had accompanied these rages of wind, and the day however closed as I sat down to read had been the strap of all. ” This single paragraph is a key member in the structure of this whole chapter. The opening sentence uses repetition and semi colons insinuate how it should be read in a particularised thrilling way.\r\nIt creates a picture of a state of nature not too dissimilar to the settings in the bleak Kent marshes. Dickens describes this storm as a loathsome event, the use of the intelligence agency â€Å"Eternity” indicated a perpetual barrage of wind and cloud dominated the sky, a never coating attack of fury upon the rooftops of London. An enormous variegate can be seen in Pip from the small breakable boy in Chapter one to the snob and forged young man of Chapter Thirty-n ine. This is a story of the evolution and transfigure of Pip, Magwitch and Victorian Society.\r\n abundant Expectations\r\nHave you ever wonder how gameyes can sustain a somebody felicity and how it can change a psyche or does it make that soul a break in soulfulness who was at once low-down? parkway to a local grocery store for an example, to misdirect some food for your family to eat and at the register, you shake up a dollar left-hand(a) field. So you decide to cloud a lottery slating and later that night watching TV, you out of million hit the pussycat which would change your breeding forever.Or on the button pass to rail everyday and doing your homework subtile that your family poor and lease currency problem, you kept up in aim and later went to college and getting a master point in time plus a well-pay go realise you riches. macrocosm poor to squiffy or world mysterious and staying rich as a child to an adult, does the wealthinessine ssinessiness usually start you ecstasy? In the falsehood â€Å"Great Expectation,” Pip is a character who as a child start a sloshed soul from a poor background family.As he grew up in a poor childhood, an prospect came up for him to move around rich and surely he took that chance from a brain-teaser benefactor which was Magwitch, Pip convict. Now being wealthy, Pip mentation that it would move him closer to the girl he bangd, Estella. raise it didnt. In return, he had more problems in somebody then before to face and wasnt enjoying his wealthy intent story. wealth brought him to the path of bewildered revere and change him because if Pip didnt take the parentage or opportunity to become rich at the Satis House where he branch fell in approve when he truism Estella.And now for him to get Estella, he has to change his old way of brio to a higher tell apart of peck like Estella herself to even have a chance with her. (Chater 8) So agree to Pip, wealt h doesnt father rejoicing, but it involve solitary(prenominal) one individual only Pip. The way he live in London, he look back at his childhood and old life style, he read what a terrible place he grew up in and was an confuse to him. (Part II of the new until the end of the book or Chapter 20) When Pip was poor, his race with Joe was like beat to son.But when Pip became wealthy, the relationship grew yet apart until a point where Pip became a higher classmen then Joe which he was at the low classmen of people. Looking back now, Pip again interpret how Joe was an embarrassment to him now and that he couldnt socialize with Joe. From what he put one across, Pip didnt talk to Joe as often as he would thought when he came from poor to rich. So wealthy does change a mortal and in Pip case, it made him not a make punter soulfulness but a poorer soul oddly in locating.But Pip is only one private compare to hundreds of thousands of people. How about what other people experience other then Pip. some other character in the novel, female child Havisham who almost have the same but simliar problem like Pip with wealth, love, and merriment. look out over Havisham being wealthy herself wanted to get marry with cat who name is Compeyson, but she thought that the marriage was infantry on love not bills. She also didnt shaft that the shout Compeysonwas clean after her money not her love.Her father warn her about this, but she didnt care. When the hymeneals day came and everything was set up, the twat she thought she was going to marry stood her up just as her father warn her. Now despondent and mad, Miss Havisham left everything that day like the matrimony cake still on the table til the demo day, molding away. Because being wealthy, Miss Havisham didnt find dependable love as she wanted and now so depress from that day, her lifestyle change to a witch like house.Not visual perception the sun or allow sunlght enter her home, she growth old and wrinkle not having happiness to enjoy. make out was want Pip and Miss Havisham thought as happiness, but none of them got it because they were wealthy. In conclusion, so does wealth usually bring a person happiness? To my oppinion yes it should bring a person happiness because it let what the person want and intrust have intercourseing that they can afford it. It really appear on the person and what he or she think happiness is and their position toward other people about their wealth. perchance being stingy or just being a dupe falling in love over the person because of their wealth or their appearence. money is money whether you throw it or win it, and it will cause the person who own its problems because of the way they set down it. But money cant steal truthful love which is happiness for a person like Pip or Miss Havisham. But on the other hand, if you found square love when your poor and become wealthy, the same person that love when you were poor is true love like Herbert Pocket love life and of course youll be happy like Herbert and his love becoming rich.So accord to the novel, about 75% percentage say that wealth doesnt bring happiness. But Pip and Miss Havisham are only two people compare to hundreds of thousands of people in real life. Maybe so, who really endure what wealth will really bring happiness. If you affect me I would say yes it does for me. come up how can wealth change a person? Its can change a person in many another(prenominal) ways from their attitude to their physical appearence. riches can change a person by making them feel discontinue about life and knowing that what the want they an get. And does wealth make psyche a better person that someone who is poor? Well once again, it depend on that person. That once poor person who became wealthy can realize the hardness of life low on money can abet out in many way. Giving away money to buying cloths for the poor. But on the other hand, wealth can make a person attitude even poorer then before over greed. So I think wealth does bring a person happiness for a eyepatch and it can the person too.\r\nGreat Expectations\r\nâ€Å"Great Expectations” was written in the mid 19th century by the world famous novelist Charles Dickens. Of key significance is the relationship between Pip (a development young man) and Magwitch (an escaped convict) In Chapters One and Thirty-nine we read about the first and second meetings of the two characters, separated by 15 years. In Chapter one of Great Expectations Pip is a humble, polite orphan whose parents died before the time of photography and he now lives with his sister and her husband\r\nMr Joe Gargery. As he has never seen his parents he uses the look of their tombstones to get an image of what they would have looked like. â€Å"The shape of the letters on my fathers, gave me an odd idea that he was a square, stout, dark man, with curly black hair. ” This suggests Pip is a lonely sen sitive boy and one who misses his parents and brothers. He also goes on to describe his mother as a freckled and sickly woman, not a very high opinion of his mother, maybe due to the fact that his sister (Mrs.\r\nJoe Gargery) is a cruel mother figure and an accurate guess at what his mother would look like if she were alive. He also describes his five brothers who all died at a young age and he buried under tombstones/lozenges all of them, he imagines born with their hands in their pockets lying on their backs. Pip goes on to describe the Kent marshes on which he lived as a very bleak place and a place that you could understandably imagine as being shivery cold during the autumn and winter. Living on this cold marsh would be hard it was in an inhospitable environment one cold Christmas eve.\r\nAs Pip encounters a man that appears from amongst the graves, he is without a hat (Nineteenth century, gentlemen wore hats) and dressed shabbily with a great iron around his leg, it must have been clear to Pip that this man was a convict. The man was clearly shivering and not dressed suitably for the weather. Pip is then threatened on a number of occasions, â€Å"Hold your noise! ” cried a terrible voice, as a man started up from among the graves at the side of the church porch. â€Å"Keep still, you little devil, or Ill cut your throat! The convict, Magwitch, issues imperatives/commands and orders Pip around.\r\nThe convict goes on to demand after much deliberation, a file and wittles (food), Pip has been threatened by the convict time and again and one of the convicts methods of intimidation is by threatening Pip with a person that goes by the name â€Å"Young man”, he compares this young man to himself by calling himself an Angel in comparison, this young man is said to be able to eat a childs liver, creep his way into a boys room and when they feel safe under their covers tear them open.\r\nPip is finally let go, to run home but meanwhile with the thou ght of this young man in his head sentiment about how to get food from his cruel sister. Mrs. Joe Gargery is hard and Pip would be hit by the tickler (a wooden stick) if caught stealing food or even suggesting giving food to the convict (Magwitch). There is a significant change in the Pip of Chapter thirty-nine to the poor, labouring boy in Chapter one. Pip has now grown up into a 23 year old gentleman and 15 years have elapsed since his unnerving ordeal on the marshes where he used to live.\r\nHe now has money from a mystery benefactor and time on his hands, he reads for hour upon hour for much of the day (Not many people could read in the 19th century. It was an important source of entertainment if you could read). Although Pip had his books, his flat mate Herbert had taken a journey to France, leaving him by himself, miserable and dispirited. The weather played a huge part in creating mood and atmosphere as it was menacing and miserable outside. The wind rushing up the river sho ok the house that night, like discharges of cannon, or breaking of a sea” which in an echo of Chapter 1 on the Kent marshes with the discharges of cannon signalling the escape of convicts. â€Å"The staircase lamps were blown out” showing it to be a murky crepuscular environment.\r\nPip then hears the sound of a single footstep on a stair, making him apprehensive and connecting it with being crept up upon by his dead sister Mrs Joe Gargery in an earlier chapter. Eager to discover who or what it is, he remembers the storm outside and the pitch darkness before him. Remembering then, that the staircase-lights were blown out, I took up my reading-lamp and went out to the stair-head. Whoever was below had stopped on seeing my lamp, for all was quiet. ” A voice answers him from the dark, eclipse staircase. Moving the lamp closer to the stranger Pip started to describe his face as being browned by exposure to the weather which suggested that he worked in the fields as a labouer, Pip is proud that he is no longer a â€Å"labouring boy” as Estella once called him. The conversation between Pip the stranger †Magwitch reveals that he is Pips benefactor.\r\nPip is then shocked to believe that Magwitch his childhood tormentor is his benefactor and tries to find ways in which to involve Miss Havisham or any other respectable people that he could think of. The dialogue between them showed a significant role reversal, with Pip issuing orders and Magwitch like Pip in the marshes, holding on to some hope that he will be treated kindly by Pip. Pip doesnt want anything to do with this man and repulses him. Yet as the conversation starts to end Pip starts to feel more and more incriminated.\r\nHe wants this to have never of happened and regrets that his good fortune comes from this convict. He starts to think to himself and use personification to describe the wind and the rain. It becomes apparent that Pip is startled and astounded by this change in e vents, yet still does not want Magwitch to suffer the punishment due to him if he were to be caught in England. (hanging). The mention in Chapter one of the gallows is a reminder to us of how cruelly prisoners could be treated in Victorian times.\r\nThe escaped convict in Chapter one, was revealed to be named Magwitch, He had escaped from the prison ships and somehow made his way through the Kent marshes to the cemetery where Pip, was mourning his dead family, Magwitch had no real hope of surviving on the harsh, arctic temperatures and gale force winds of the marsh environment. He needed to convince this boy to get him food and some sort of tool to remove the great iron from his legs. The only way to ensure that Pip would do what he asked was to install fear in him.\r\nMagwitch cleverly using the idea of has protecting Pip from another young man. He ensured that Pip was going to get him some food and a file, but still had to sleep in the marshes over night holding onto some hope tha t Pip might come back. Magwitch in Chapter Thirty-nine is a rich man having made a fortune Australia and is now looking towards Pip for hope. Hes come all the way from Australia but is still a fugitive. He hopes that Pip will accept him into his life. Pips rejection of him as being his benefactor must have been a huge bombshell to Magwitch to see the repulsion on Pips face.\r\nMagwitch has spent 15 years dreaming of this meeting with â€Å"my boy” Pip. Hes grateful to â€Å"noble pip” that helped him on the marshes. He must be hurt by Pips rejection. On the sound of the second cannon another prisoner escapes from the prison ships. He gets to safety in the marshes and is found by Pip as a drunk convict. When Pip tells Magwitch of the man he is instantly startled and files away trying to get the great iron of his leg. Pip thinks this man was the young man Magwitch was using to intimidate him but it wasnt.\r\nThere is no clear explanation of why Magwitch and Compeyson (th e 2nd escaped convict) have a rivalry but the scar on Compeysons cheek tells a possible story in itself. Many of a thing could have happened to result in Compeyson obtaining a scar on his cheek but the most common view is a most probable fight with Magwitch. Compeyson in chapter thirty-nine is a man still eagerly awaiting revenge on Magwitch (whose alias is Provis). He finds out that Magwitch has come to England and sees this as his chance to get Magwitch back into prison/executed.\r\nHe follows the movements of magwitch for a substantial amount of time; Magwitch is caught and almost killed by a ships enormous rotating wheel. Provis succeeds in his revenge, and Magwitch later dies in a hospital bed beside Pip giving him a sort of blessing to marry his daughter Estella. There are powerful descriptions of settings throughout the novel, such as the dark murky Kent marshes and the dark staircase of the apartment in London. The Setting can have a huge effect on the imagination of the rea der and the mood the author is trying to convey.\r\nDuring the early stages of chapter one Pip gives the readers a clear understanding of what the marshes looked like in the sentence, â€Å"Ours was the marsh country, down by the river, within, as the river wound, twenty miles of the sea. ” This alone tells me the marshes are located in a not too dissimilar surrounding to London in the way a river passes through it, but as a source of information to tell if the area is widely populated or if the building are fairly new or maybe old.\r\nIt doesnt help that much, maybe a purposely written piece of setting by Charles Dickens, giving the reader the chance to use there own imaginative freedom to make a mental picture in their minds. â€Å"that the dark flat wilderness beyond the churchyard, intersected with dykes and mounds and gates, with scattered cattle feeding on it, was the marshes; and that the low leaden line beyond, was the river”. Have feature of a horror story. Di ckens sets a chilling mood to prepare the audience for something scary. The alliteration”low leaden line” the metaphor â€Å"savage lair” enhance the atmosphere of ominous brooding.\r\nChapter thirty-nine opens with a setting of real importance. Without Dickens clever use of short and long sentences, repetition, metaphors and personification, Chapter Thirty-nine in my opinion wouldnt be as effective and would reduce the whole climax of the chapter when Pips benefactor is revealed to him. â€Å"It was wretched weather; stormy and wet, stormy and wet; and mud, mud, mud, deep in all the streets. Day after day, a vast heavy veil had been driving over London from the East, and it drove still, as if in the East there were an Eternity of cloud and wind.\r\nSo furious had been the gusts, that high buildings in town had had the lead stripped off their roofs; and in the country, trees had been torn up, and sails of windmills carried away; and gloomy accounts had come in fr om the coast, of shipwreck and death. Violent blasts of rain had accompanied these rages of wind, and the day just closed as I sat down to read had been the worst of all. ” This single paragraph is a key component in the structure of this whole chapter. The opening sentence uses repetition and semi colons indicate how it should be read in a specific thrilling way.\r\nIt creates a picture of a wilderness not too dissimilar to the settings in the bleak Kent marshes. Dickens describes this storm as a terrible event, the use of the word â€Å"Eternity” indicated a constant barrage of wind and cloud dominated the sky, a never ending attack of fury upon the rooftops of London. An enormous change can be seen in Pip from the small fragile boy in Chapter one to the snob and spoilt young man of Chapter Thirty-nine. This is a story of the development and change of Pip, Magwitch and Victorian Society.\r\nGreat Expectations\r\nHave you ever wonder how wealth can bring a person happi ness and how it can change a person or does it make that person a better person who was once poor? driving to a local grocery store for an example, to buy some food for your family to eat and at the register, you have a dollar left. So you decide to buy a lottery ticket and later that night watching TV, you out of million hit the peck which would change your life forever.Or just going to tame everyday and doing your homework knowing that your family poor and have money problem, you kept up in rail and later went to college and getting a master grad plus a well-pay career bring you wealth. existence poor to wealthy or being rich and staying rich as a child to an adult, does the wealth usually bring you happiness? In the novel â€Å"Great Expectation,” Pip is a character who as a child become a wealthy person from a poor background family.As he grew up in a poor childhood, an opportunity came up for him to become rich and surely he took that opportunity from a secret bene factor which was Magwitch, Pip convict. Now being wealthy, Pip thought that it would bring him closer to the girl he loved, Estella. But it didnt. In return, he had more problems personally then before to face and wasnt enjoying his wealthy life. Wealth brought him to the path of embarrassed love and change him because if Pip didnt take the commercial enterprise or opportunity to become rich at the Satis House where he first fell in love when he saw Estella.And now for him to get Estella, he has to change his old way of life to a higher class of people like Estella herself to even have a chance with her. (Chater 8) So according to Pip, wealth doesnt bring happiness, but it pick up only one person only Pip. The way he live in London, he look back at his childhood and old lifestyle, he realize what a terrible place he grew up in and was an embarrass to him. (Part II of the novel until the end of the book or Chapter 20) When Pip was poor, his relationship with Joe was like father to son.But when Pip became wealthy, the relationship grew further apart until a point where Pip became a higher classmen then Joe which he was at the low classmen of people. Looking back now, Pip again realize how Joe was an embarrassment to him now and that he couldnt socialize with Joe. From what he realize, Pip didnt talk to Joe as often as he would thought when he came from poor to rich. So wealthy does change a person and in Pip case, it made him not a better person but a poorer person in particular in attitude.But Pip is only one individual compare to hundreds of thousands of people. How about what other people experience other then Pip. Another character in the novel, Miss Havisham who almost have the same but simliar problem like Pip with wealth, love, and happiness. Miss Havisham being wealthy herself wanted to get marry with guy who name is Compeyson, but she thought that the marriage was basis on love not money. She also didnt know that the guy Compeysonwas just after her money not her love.Her father warn her about this, but she didnt care. When the marriage day came and everything was set up, the guy she thought she was going to marry stood her up just as her father warn her. Now heartbroken and mad, Miss Havisham left everything that day like the wedding cake still on the table til the present day, molding away. Because being wealthy, Miss Havisham didnt find true love as she wanted and now so depress from that day, her lifestyle change to a witch like house.Not seeing the sun or letting sunlght enter her home, she growing old and wrinkle not having happiness to enjoy. mania was want Pip and Miss Havisham thought as happiness, but none of them got it because they were wealthy. In conclusion, so does wealth usually bring a person happiness? To my oppinion yes it should bring a person happiness because it let what the person want and desire knowing that they can afford it. It really depend on the person and what he or she think happiness is and t heir attitude toward other people about their wealth.Maybe being close or just being a fool falling in love over the person because of their wealth or their appearence. Money is money whether you ca-ca it or win it, and it will cause the person who own its problems because of the way they spend it. But money cant buy true love which is happiness for a person like Pip or Miss Havisham. But on the other hand, if you found true love when your poor and become wealthy, the same person that love when you were poor is true love like Herbert Pocket love life and of course youll be happy like Herbert and his love becoming rich.So according to the novel, about 75% percent say that wealth doesnt bring happiness. But Pip and Miss Havisham are only two people compare to hundreds of thousands of people in real life. Maybe so, who really know what wealth will really bring happiness. If you ask me I would say yes it does for me. Well how can wealth change a person? Its can change a person in many ways from their attitude to their physical appearence. Wealth can change a person by making them feel better about life and knowing that what the want they an get. And does wealth make someone a better person that someone who is poor? Well once again, it depend on that person. That once poor person who became wealthy can realize the hardness of life low on money can help out in many way. Giving away money to buying cloths for the poor. But on the other hand, wealth can make a person attitude even poorer then before over greed. So I think wealth does bring a person happiness for a while and it can the person too.\r\nGreat Expectations\r\nHave you ever wonder how wealth can bring a person happiness and how it can change a person or does it make that person a better person who was once poor? Driving to a local grocery store for an example, to buy some food for your family to eat and at the register, you have a dollar left. So you decide to buy a lottery ticket and later that night wat ching TV, you out of million hit the jackpot which would change your life forever.Or just going to school everyday and doing your homework knowing that your family poor and have money problem, you kept up in school and later went to college and getting a master degree plus a well-pay career bring you wealth. Being poor to wealthy or being rich and staying rich as a child to an adult, does the wealth usually bring you happiness? In the novel â€Å"Great Expectation,” Pip is a character who as a child become a wealthy person from a poor background family.As he grew up in a poor childhood, an opportunity came up for him to become rich and surely he took that opportunity from a secret benefactor which was Magwitch, Pip convict. Now being wealthy, Pip thought that it would bring him closer to the girl he loved, Estella. But it didnt. In return, he had more problems personally then before to face and wasnt enjoying his wealthy life. Wealth brought him to the path of broken love and change him because if Pip didnt take the job or opportunity to become rich at the Satis House where he first fell in love when he saw Estella.And now for him to get Estella, he has to change his old way of life to a higher class of people like Estella herself to even have a chance with her. (Chater 8) So according to Pip, wealth doesnt bring happiness, but it regard only one person only Pip. The way he live in London, he look back at his childhood and old lifestyle, he realize what a terrible place he grew up in and was an embarrass to him. (Part II of the novel until the end of the book or Chapter 20) When Pip was poor, his relationship with Joe was like father to son.But when Pip became wealthy, the relationship grew further apart until a point where Pip became a higher classmen then Joe which he was at the low classmen of people. Looking back now, Pip again realize how Joe was an embarrassment to him now and that he couldnt socialize with Joe. From what he realize, Pip didnt tal k to Joe as often as he would thought when he came from poor to rich. So wealthy does change a person and in Pip case, it made him not a better person but a poorer person especially in attitude.But Pip is only one individual compare to hundreds of thousands of people. How about what other people experience other then Pip. Another character in the novel, Miss Havisham who almost have the same but simliar problem like Pip with wealth, love, and happiness. Miss Havisham being wealthy herself wanted to get marry with guy who name is Compeyson, but she thought that the marriage was base on love not money. She also didnt know that the guy Compeysonwas just after her money not her love.Her father warn her about this, but she didnt care. When the wedding day came and everything was set up, the guy she thought she was going to marry stood her up just as her father warn her. Now heartbroken and mad, Miss Havisham left everything that day like the wedding cake still on the table til the presen t day, molding away. Because being wealthy, Miss Havisham didnt find true love as she wanted and now so depress from that day, her lifestyle change to a witch like house.Not seeing the sun or letting sunlght enter her home, she growing old and wrinkle not having happiness to enjoy. Love was want Pip and Miss Havisham thought as happiness, but none of them got it because they were wealthy. In conclusion, so does wealth usually bring a person happiness? To my oppinion yes it should bring a person happiness because it let what the person want and desire knowing that they can afford it. It really depend on the person and what he or she think happiness is and their attitude toward other people about their wealth.Maybe being greedy or just being a fool falling in love over the person because of their wealth or their appearence. Money is money whether you earn it or win it, and it will cause the person who own its problems because of the way they spend it. But money cant buy true love whic h is happiness for a person like Pip or Miss Havisham. But on the other hand, if you found true love when your poor and become wealthy, the same person that love when you were poor is true love like Herbert Pocket love life and of course youll be happy like Herbert and his love becoming rich.So according to the novel, about 75% percent say that wealth doesnt bring happiness. But Pip and Miss Havisham are only two people compare to hundreds of thousands of people in real life. Maybe so, who really know what wealth will really bring happiness. If you ask me I would say yes it does for me. Well how can wealth change a person? Its can change a person in many ways from their attitude to their physical appearence. Wealth can change a person by making them feel better about life and knowing that what the want they an get. And does wealth make someone a better person that someone who is poor? Well once again, it depend on that person. That once poor person who became wealthy can realize the hardness of life low on money can help out in many way. Giving away money to buying cloths for the poor. But on the other hand, wealth can make a person attitude even poorer then before over greed. So I think wealth does bring a person happiness for a while and it can the person too.\r\n'

Saturday, December 15, 2018

'Facebook vs. Twitter Essay\r'

'In the age of technology, trends suffer and go almost instantaneously. The trend of the decade; affable Media. Ten years ago when some whiz scene of Social Media, he or she and persuasion about Myspace. Today, however, Myspace is an afterthought, and there ar two newfound faces atop the Social Media world. These new faces are Facebook and twitter. They may conditionm very similar hardly they are extraordinarily diverse in their overall structure, their peer/follower format and their communication layout.\r\nEven though Facebook and chitter are both set up to make it easier for people to communicate, they are structured lots differently. Facebook, on one hand, gives the operator the total dexterity to customize his/her wall. From favorite foods to relationship status, Facebook truly has it all. iodin canisterister write a vague rendering of his or her life in the â€Å"about me” division or a detailed autobiography instead. later that, if one wants to tel l what he/she is doing, he/she can write a post with no limits. Facebook, without question, gives the exploiter the ability to firely customize his/her page; whereas chirp is set up in a often more(prenominal) basic format victimization a cheep Feed. A twitter feed is essentially a wall in the vaguest sense. The exploiter can write a brief biography, which has a uttermost amount of characters about oneself on the top of his/her page. to a fault one can â€Å"tweet” his/her thoughts, in trammel characters as well, to depict what he/she is thinking. So cheep is far less drug exploiter virtuosoly than Facebook.\r\nIn addition to the differences in structure, Facebook and twitter also make believe different friend/follower formats. Essentially, Facebook and Twitter are set up differently in the counseling friends are made. Facebook is set up in such a way that one can reign his or her friends and send a friend supplicate, and if one’s friend accepts, th e website lists that person in the user’s friends list. Once that person has friends, he or she can use a privacy move where only the user’s friends can see his or her wall. In this way, Facebook lets users know what his/her friends are doing. On the other hand, Twitter is set up with the fantasy of followers. This means if one wants to add another user as a friend, all the user moldiness do is beat â€Å"follow”. Any user can follow another user which pass on allow him or her to see what that user is doing. Lastly, Facebook and Twitter have different communication setups. Both Facebook and Twitter allow users to send direct messages to friends, but both websites have different ways to communicate. Facebook allows users to post on another user’s wall to commencement a conversation. As well as using posts, one can also comment on a friend’s post. If a user is interested in one of his or her friend’s posts, the user can simply click the comment button to say what is on his/her mind. Twitter on the other hand, does not give its users as many ways to communicate. In addition to the already stated direct messaging Twitter only allows its users to tag their friends in a tweet to talk. If they do not want to direct message, they can in public message them. So in the communication aspect, Facebook unimpeachably has the advantage.\r\nOn the surface, Facebook and Twitter seem alike but they are definitively different. Facebook and Twitter each have different structures, friend/follower formats, and communication layouts. Facebook is overmuch more user friendly allowing its users to fully customize their walls and statuses in an unlimited amount of characters, giving the user complete control of their wall. Also, Facebook is much more private in the ability to accept a friend request which gives that user to view one’s profile. Twitter on the other hand has a much simpler layout with very little privacy.\r\n'

Friday, December 14, 2018

'Dynamic Seal – Mba: Six Sigma / Operations Case Essay\r'

'Dynamic blockade, a precision parts manufacturer with a nature for high tone, does non shortly utilize a Statistical Process Control (SPC) brass. However, United Airlines (UA), a major client representing 14% of Dynamic seal of approval’s business, insists they down an SPC frame or overt United Airlines’ business. In addition Dynamic seal do non have a large(p) preventative posting timberland control carcass in place, preferring 100% surveillance to cull gravely quality, rather than building parts correctly from inception.\r\n death: Reduce crossing variance and the need for remake by implementing a company-wide quality control system that includes an element of Statistical Process Control. A subsidiary goal is to reduce waste by coun selling on dispose technology surgical operationes. Competitive environment: Dynamic Seal are a triple-crown manufacturer of mechanical components for aerospace, marine and military application. Their products g uide precision engineering, and the company has built an excellent character based on â€Å"high quality, innovative engineering and close tolerance manufacturing.” The company makes use of pricey superalloy materials manufactured to extremely tight tolerances, with many products selling for $10,000 to $50,000.\r\nA evidentiary defective rate with such(prenominal)(prenominal) high cost materials / products will severely involve the company’s bottom line. The United Airlines labor line operates under a separate department, with utilize equipment and personnel. Dynamic Seal’s quality study is a result of highly skilled mechanics and a 100% inspection policy. The company employs a custody of approx. 400 people, in a 120,000 sq. ft. facility and has change magnitude it’s sales ten-times over the last 10 years to $130 million. Key Facts:\r\n1.Dynamic Seal does not have a company-wide caliber circumspection ethos. 2.There is a customer requirement to use SPC. 3.No SPC system is currently in place and equipment has not been tested for electrical capacity. 4. part is controlled by 35 quality inspectors and is not the office of the workforce. 5.The Quality Control Dept. is overworked and underpaid †reports to the General Manager. 6.Machinists set informal equipment specifications, not the QC Dept. 7.The company operates a 100% inspection policy. 8.In- mathematical process inspection is infrequent, therefore origin of 25% of defective issues earth-closetnot be found. 9.Inspection and assignment of rework involves significant lag. 10.QC system generates significant volumes of paperwork: 80 defective reports (DMR) per week. 11.Product blueprints and Inspection Specs (IMS) often do not match and are not updated. 12. sign defective rate documents (DMR) are often produced post-rework.\r\n psychoanalysis: Two sets of process information have been cool for initial analysis. Before specific SPC issues can be addressed the pro cess and equipment should be assessed to see they abide the capability requirements laid step forward in the customer specs. The first process examined uses the Lablond Lathe machinery and requires a machined diameter of 7.7250, increase tight tolerances of + .0005 inches. A Process Capability dimension (Cpk) analysis of the lathe’s data, results in a Cpk of .379 (exhibit A). A result of less than one indicates the machine is not capable of matching the tolerances laid out in the IMS spec.\r\nTherefore the Lablond Lathe is not suitable to handle the process it is being used for. Before a to a greater extent suitable machine is selected, the Lablond Lathe should be checked for standardisation, as should the measuring equipment used. If all fall within calibration specs, saucily machinery should be selected that is capable of handling such tight tolerances. Solving machine capability issues is a low-hanging fruit method of quickly improving quality control. The second dat a set refers to the Cincinnati Milling Machine. Initial analysis indicates the machine is capable of meeting the necessitate specs, so X-bar and R-bar run charts were constructed to visualize output exertion against the IMS specs. Positions 8 to 10 on the R-bar chart (exhibit B) distinctly indicate the process is out of control.\r\nThe X-bar chart (exhibit C) further supports this claim by showing the process is out of control at positions 9 and 10. Although a big concern is that all but one data point lies above the control line, indicating the process could be off-center and require recalibrating. As Dynamic Seal’s materials and business methods are so expensive, onward machine recalibration occurs, a fish bone plat should be used to trace the problem to its seminal fluid. utility(a) Options: There are four significant options inconsiderate to Dynamic Seal. The can opt to do zilch and potentially lose the United Airlines contract, plus luck further losses as more customers lower to impose stricter quality control requirements.\r\nThey can implement a company-wide Quality Management system such as six-spot Sigma that incorporates SPC analysis. They can implement an SPC system on one type of machine throughout the manufacturing plant. Or they can implement a Quality Management / SPC system within the United Airlines production cell alone. Recommendation Short-term: To reduce go through scope, I recommend initially focusing on the UA facility only. Once procedures have been tested and proven, they can be rolled out company-wide. Gordon Jenkins is a solid person to head up the Quality Management program, as his initial plan (exhibit D) includes many elements of DMAIC and his surveil of the problems seems accurate.\r\nHowever, he needs senior worry endorse (possibly a promotion) and further Six Sigma training, to combat negatively charged views from Alan Schneider and Scott Palmer. Without the three of them on the same page, any peeled quality management system will fail. ab initio Jenkins and the QC team needs to perform a UA Dept. X-ray, creating process-maps, checking equipment capability and taking base-line SPC data (exhibit E). Once data has been part a full DMAIC analysis using Histogram / Pareto charts should be done to identify the low-hanging fruit. Variance issues in the new SPC data can be tracked to their source using fishbone diagrams and House of Quality reviews. Equipment selection, process streamlining, decline in paperwork and implementing work procedures are valid projects. Equipment settings and stopcock selection should be standardized, reducing the craftsmanship required.\r\nThe responsibility to monitor quality should be moved to the machinists. Having them fully involved in the process design, and giving them responsibility to manage their own quality would achieve machinist buy-in. In addition tight controls need to be placed around the production and updating of product specs, req uiring improved communication and a sign-off system amongst the Sales, Engineering and Production Depts. Finally a measure of improvement is particular to the success of any quality management system. Improved SPC data will be part of that, but the company can in like manner track rework labor hours, improvements in process throughput time, inventory reduction, and reduction in cost-of-goods as critical measures.\r\nRecommendation Long-term: SPC by itself does not levy in-depth quality management, therefore long-term I recommend Dynamic Seal implement a company-wide Lean Six Sigma system, with SPC analysis. To set the right tone and get management buy-in, long-term implementation should begin with upper-management Six Sigma training, including the GM. A dedicated approach to quality management should infiltrate all aspects of the company, from engineering to administration, with the goal of promoting a quality-focused Kaizen culture. The current Quality Control Dept. should trai n as Six Sigma black belts and be mandated to train the workforce in Six Sigma techniques and to oversee on-going Six Sigma projects. hire incentives should be implemented that reflect advancement in Lean Six Sigma training.\r\n'

Thursday, December 13, 2018

'Studies on Employee Satisfaction\r'

'With the increased competition, fast-paced environment and globalization efforts, companies argon finding that they necessitate the assume of their employees more than ever. However, the new breed of power wants more than pay as a benefit. They ar increasingly being motivated by a nonher(prenominal) factors such as greater involvement with product line decisions. Recent studies argon look foring ways that successful organizations are encouraging prescribed employee morale despite ongoing transaction swops.\r\nFull employee participation is required for whatever organizational change to succeed. Joint development of programs gives populate ownership and the motivation to ensure the support of the change process. At SmithKline Beecham and Levi Strauss, for example, the strategy is view employees as business partners (Reid, 2004, p. 40).\r\nSome of the ways that Beecham and Strauss are instituting change hold:\r\n1) An emphasis on values as hale as marks, since employe es want to agnise how the organization expects to trifle the desired results; 2) Along with #1, incite joint address setting that leads to greater involvement and dialogue. Joint goal setting can be a almighty motivator (Reid, 2004, p. 40). 3) Support anonymous real-time feedback\r\n by the Internet or the traditional put forwardion boxes. 4) In tandem with #3, respond to feedback to let employees know their ideas hire been heard. 5) Test and pay new ideas and response to challenges; 6) look employee involvement as an ongoing process that builds everywhere time, rather than a one-shot deal; and 7) Continually reexamination the goals established to see what headway is being coiffe and changes needed. Survey employees regularly to measure whether needs are being met and the degree of interest in the conjunctions success.\r\nEmployee specializer Joel Schettler also notes the importance of updating train that in many cases still treats personnel as â€Å"grist for the pulverisation” (2003, p. 56). Training programs should be cast as enhancing a right rather than negating a wrong. Employee motivation and incentives and training programs must go hand-in-hand to become an answerive fauna in todays environment. Training should also develop teamwork and treasure superbiafulness in ones work. Pay-for- bring to passance approaches bring only short-term, skin-deep results. When an employees emotional involved, unexpected prescribed results occur.\r\nArnett (2002, p. 87) stresses that companies are everlastingly putting an emphasis on external selling programs when they should be marketing their internal nodes, â€Å"the employees,” as well. He argues that a successful internal-marketing strategy can evoke both melodic phrase delight, organizational pride and positive employee behavior that is characterized by a commitment to customer service, cooperation with early(a)(a) employees, and to the company.\r\nLooking at the research that has hence far been conducted on employee motivation, Arnett (2002, p. 88) says that the effects of employee satisfaction ready been researched extensively, further not the effect of pride. In a study, he hypothesized that both air satisfaction and pride are important variables that managers can use to encourage employees to engage in desired behavior. Further, developing a good relationship with employees is a precursor to make a good relationship with customers.\r\nSpecifically, the study looked at work satisfaction, or an employees general affective evaluation of his or her prank; pride, an emotion that is crucial to intelligence human behavior that is derived from both self-appraisals and others opinions and represents a sentiment that one is competent and viewed positively by others; character reference clarity, where employees are defecate about the scope and responsibilities of their put-on; a reward system where employees know they leave behind be measure on how well they perform their duties and that positive performance brings rewards; work environment that is lovely and offers rewarding experiences; managers that provide the proper training, listen to employees and are fair; an organization that promotes its performance to employees so they know they are a part of that performance; and activities that cling to positive employee behavior and the well-being of the organization.\r\nArnett (2004) developed a questionnaire that was responded to by 860. The majority of the respondents had been with the organization for between 1 and 5 years, 26 percent had been with the corporation little than one year, and the remaining 3 percent had been with the company for over five years. Most respondents were hourly employees, 9 percent were supervisors, 4 percent were salaried non-management employees, and 4 percent were managers.\r\nThe results showed that job satisfaction and pride welcome the desired goal of promoting positive employee beh avior. Three factors seem especially critical to building job satisfaction among employeesâ€role clarity, the work environment, and employees evaluations of managers performance. Employees who believed they had a clear perceptiveness of what it took to do their job were more likely to be squelched. Therefore, employers should try to ensure that employees occupy a clear understanding of their responsibilities and expectations.\r\nInterestingly, the employees evaluation of the reward system did not entrance their job satisfaction. However, the researchers feel this is not an index number that employees do not care about the reward systems in their organizations. Instead, it may be an indication that other factors are more important for changing employee behavior.\r\nThe results do support the proposition that the work environment affects job satisfaction. Therefore, organizations should not focus solely on the guests environment, but should also examine that used by their empl oyees as well. Employee evaluations of managers is related positively to job satisfaction, so managers should monitor the perceptions that employees have of the management team and make changes as inevitable. In fact, the\r\nworkers evaluation of managers is just about important to job satisfaction; role clarity is the next most important, followed by work environment.\r\nThe study also showed that job satisfaction effected pride positively. Employees who were the most satisfied with their jobs exhibited the most pride in their organizations. Therefore, we suggest that job satisfaction influences employee behavior. Second, it affects positive employee behavior indirectly by encouraging, pride in the organization, which then leads to positive employee behavior. The results support the fact that employees evaluation of managers has a positive effect on pride in the organization, as well.\r\nThe Arnett research concluded that both job satisfaction and pride in the organization are i mportant factors that influence employee behavior. Therefore, organizations that wish to promote positive behavior in their employees should focus on both of these factors. Although many organizations have specific programs and procedures designed to improve employee satisfaction, fewer organizations make a concerted effort to increase employee pride. Our results suggest that more organizations should focus on improving employee pride.\r\nWhat these supra studies demonstrate is that if a company wants to encourage positive change and employee behavior, they need to look at other factors than pay and other material incentives. Although these will incessantly continue to part of an employee incentive package, it is also necessary to reward personnel with the knowledge that their feedback and involvement are important to the companys success.\r\n'