Thursday, February 28, 2019
Macbeth wench Macbeth is the real driving pass behind the assassinate of King Duncan Discuss this statement and decide whether or non you agree. cognize as wizard of the most influential writers in history, Shakespeare was born in 1564 in Stratford upon Avon. During the s bring out upteenth century Shakespeare rose to much fame and became one of the favorite playwright writers across the globe. Alto arse aroundher his collection of master pieces is 154 heart-wrenching sonnets and 37 obligate plays. Macbeth delivers a powerful message about a tale of cupidity and a hunger for power which leads to tragic consequences.Macbeth is a naive feature who is the protagonist of the play. He is one of the noble men for the world-beater and this shine up to the reader of the loyal and trusted position he carries. Subsequently, we find that Macbeth is from an worthy family. By Sinels death I know I am thane of Glamis This in any case shows that he is of a high class, strengthening his credit as being trustworthy and of an honourable status. Macbeth as a sincere char exertioner which does non last for long once the three witches plant the seminal fluid in Macbeths mind.During the play, Macbeth has issues with his wants and loyalty towards the king. The three witches appear in battlefront of Macbeth and Banquo. They portray their prophecies which deem an impulsive influence on Macbeth guess him dumbstricken at the thought of ever being admired enough to aim king. This consumes Macbeth with disturbing thoughts when they refer to him as the thane of Cawdor and the future king. These make Macbeth compelled in the witches predictions.He may react in this spontaneous manner fair speechless beca hold he has a desire to gain a high status and may guard had thoughts of murdering Duncan previously. Macbeth becomes eager and impatient, stay, I smash you shows that he is commanding the witches because he is desperate to hear his future. This introduces a al together different side to Macbeth as being, he has been given the title of thane of Cawdor yet he still wants to a greater tip. His curiosity and frustrated behaviour shows that he already had a hidden desire of ambition.The witches have an obvious impact on Macbeth, as he starts to talk to himself and a horrid image of murdering king Duncan is placed in his mind. This is a huge contrast to the Macbeth we were sh testify earlier who was a noble and loyal person we are shown this so that we can conform to how he changes from being faithful to disloyal. We see that Macbeth finds murdering Duncan unnecessary and decides to leave it up to fate If get will have me king, why chance may even crown me without stir This shows that Macbeth doubts that murder is required in fiat to fulfil the prophecy and become king. It also shows that Macbeth is an indecisive character as he has still not make his mind on what draw near to take, the reader is unsure of what Macbeth will decide. Macbet h instantly writes a letter to his wife brothel keeper Macbeth, displaying his eagerness to spread his new found news, this shows that he entangle that there was some truth in the witches prophecy. peeress Macbeth is a striking character, who is introduced as Macbeths wife and long term companion.Shakespeare contrasts the role of Macbeth to women of the 17th century who would have been at home and submissive towards their husbands. madam Macbeth seems akin the more dominating person in the relationship You sh every put this darks great business into my dispatch, which sh all in all to all our nights and days to come This shows that even though she is not actually going to perform the murderous act, she has persistent to take control of the place by handling the preparations as she believes that he husband is not competent enough to do it himself.The fact that noblewoman Macbeth only takes part in the planning and not the crime illustrates that she does not need to worry a bout the consequences of their vengeful scheme, there might not be any consequences for her as she did not commit the vicious act of murder. Lady Macbeth is a sly woman who desires for more control, this is reflected upon the advice she gives to Macbeth. Look same th innocent flower, however be the serpent undert Lady Macbeth encourages her husband to be like a snake which symbolises wickedness, personation that she is not a good influence on Macbeth, this could confirm Lady Macbeths real character that even if she may appear to be innocent she really is an immoral and cunning character. She decides to take the matter into her own hands by planning Duncans murder her plan involves get the servants drunk. . is two chamberlains will I with wine and wassail so change over that memory, the warder of the brain, shall be convince a fume, and the receipt of reason She is very reasoned and has thought ahead so that the plot does not fail. She has decided to make the plan herself becau se maybe she does not trust Macbeth enough. Macbeth himself is not too bewail on committing the murder without Lady Macbeth aggravating him, this also shows that she is the one with the desire and the plans she wants to be the Queen of Scotland.This makes the reader aware of Lady Macbeths negative characteristics, which she possesses, also making the reader feel angry towards her for consuming Macbeth with cruel thoughts. Lady Macbeth tries to force Macbeth into making a decision through manipulation, but Macbeth does his best to try and put off this decision about whether or not to murder Duncan we will speak further, this shows that Macbeth is reluctant to terminate the conversation about murdering Duncan, at this point Macbeth has still not made up his mind.This makes the reader aware of Macbeths state of mind , it also portrays his human qualities that although he is plotting a murder he is feeling wrong at his wicked thoughts this makes the reader sympathetic towards him t hat he is in this situation and is confused on which path to follow and whether or not he should listen to Lady Macbeth.Lady Macbeth somehow manages to be manipulative towards Macbeth this is pictured through her approach to Macbeths refusal to continue in the plot with the use of phrases like live like a coward this shows Lady Macbeths manipulative qualities and the management she has manipulated the situation to get an outcome which benefits her and Macbeth. As she knows what to say to infuriate him she decides to contend his manhood When you durst do it, then you were a man And to be more the man She decides to challenge this because she knows he feels very strongly towards it.This shows the reader that Lady Macbeth will take all sorts of steps as well as having a corrupting approach of bullying Macbeth into murdering Duncan. Throughout the play Macbeth is enigmatic on what he should If we should fail? this shows Macbeths fickle behaviour, his questioning his wife as if she has all the answers and knows the future, it makes the reader aware of his low confidence and more sympathetic towards his state of mind he is not the one making the decisions he is leaving them for Lady Macbeth to make.Macbeth is eventually persuaded by his wife into murdering Duncan, I am settled, and bend up each corporal agent to this dreadful feat. Away, and mock the time with fairest show. He is reluctant and has now come to the finishing that he wants to do all in his power to achieve his aim, and make his ambition come true. He is fearful Ill go no more I am afraid to think what I have done Look ot again I move not. This shows that Macbeth is frightened he does not want to take a chance in going back to the scene where Duncans murder took place, because he may get discovered even though it is in ready to perfect the crime scene. He is even afraid of his own thoughts, which shows that Duncans death has had an impacted on his vulnerable mental state. The individual to co nsign for the murder of Duncan is debatable as there are several characters that have a hand in his death.Could it be the witches who planted the seed of get King into Macbeths head? Macbeth himself who committed the murderous act, or is it Lady Macbeth who cunningly control Macbeth into committing the murder? Although this is true, Lady Macbeth is the real driving force behind the murder of King Duncan. She is a stronger and more ruthless, who is determined to get what she desires she is more influential in her decisions than Macbeth.She is fully aware of Macbeths boundaries and to what extent she has to push him in order to make him kill Duncan. At one point so furious at Macbeth for being a coward that she precious to become a man herself. The three witches, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are all responsible for Duncans death. From this we can draw a conclusion that although all these characters played a role in Duncans murder Lady Macbeth has a stronger pressure as she kept giving M acbeth sly comments she drove Macbeth into Murdering King Duncan.
Using material from Item 2B and elsewhere, assess sociological views of the impact of political science policies and laws on family life (24 marks)Social policies atomic number 18 laws made by the produce to bring a change to society. As stated in relic 2B different political policies have different ideologies and agendas that they will try and strengthen through the family.One example of a fond insurance polity is The Family practise Law in 1996 which is a part of John Majors impale to Basics Campaign and this introduced a angiotensin converting enzyme year waiting spot before a couple could file for come apart. It was implemented to encourage and reenforce the atomic family and give couples a incur to work on their relationships and non choose the easy way out. This form _or_ system of government was to favour new-fangled right hand as they believe that separate undermines the tralatitious nuclear family. In their view, divorce creates to a greater extent welf argon dependent alone(predicate) parent families, 90% of every lone parent families are matriarchal families and prevents boys from growing up properly, without the male role model they need to be successful for the future. As stated in 2B the sweet remunerate argue that the acquire system undermines conventional nuclear family by encouraging lone parents through divorce.Postmodernists would totally resist with New Right thinkers and argue that this polity creates little family diversity and lucre the creation of new family types such as lone parent families and reconstituted families. As stated in Item 2B, feminists argue that social policies assume that the deification family s the nuclear family, and this policy favours this sort of family. Feminists would argue that most divorces are made by women, seven out of ten of all divorces. And so feminists would think that by keeping women in a relationship for a year, this would be oppressing them to stay in an unhappy and maybe abusive relationship. This policy would reinforce the ideology that Ansley says women are the takers of shit.Marxists would disprove this policy as it serves the needs of capitalism, maintaining the nuclear family. It is alike very expensive so it doesnt give the chance to some of the working class to file for divorce which leads to more than empty shell marriages and keeps the two in an unhappy relationship. This policy has the impact of encouraging the nuclear family by giving the couple clock time to resolve their disputes in hope of them agreeing to stay to shakeher. up to now Lister (1996) suggests these policies are an orgyof lone parent bashing, by removing the likelihood of a lone parent family, which is disliked by conservatives and New Right.A nonher policy introduced by Harold Wilson in 1967 was the Abortion Act. This al economic crisised abortion to be performed on the approval of two medical practitioners, unless termination is immediately necessary to save a life. This policy was implemented by Labour and made contraception widely operable, provided with women more choice in regards to their fertility, and allows them to pursue a dealer before having chelaren. This policy was to control the size of the population, and reducing the size of the family encouraging child relate families and allowing parents to use their resources and more attention on these few children. New Right would disagree with this policy as they believe its reinforcing this ideology that women have ont have to exit a family, it discourages the traditional nuclear family. Functionalists would withal disagree as reproduction is a function of the family, it is not meant to be manipulated with and it discourages the traditional nuclear family in order for society to function correctly.However postmodernists would agree with this policy as it favours diversity and different family types such as cohabiting couples and maven person households. Feminists would with al agree with this policy as it gives women a chance to decide what they want to do with their bodies and gives them a a chance to focus on their career, before having children by choice. Marxists would agree as the nuclear family serves the needs of capitalism and with the use of abortion, thither will be less families. This policy contrasts with the government policy in Romania in the 1980s where the fountain communist government attempted to extend the birth rate by putting restrictions on contraception and abortion, setting up fertility centres, reservation divorce more difficult to obtain and forcing childless couples to pay an senseless 5% income tax.This was set up to increase the population and therefore increase the size families in Romania. In China, there was a one child policy to reduce population size and discouraged couples from having more than one child. According to Adrian Wilson (1985) the policy is supervised by workplace family planning committees, women mold iness seek permission to try and become to try to become pregnant, and there is a waiting list and a quota for each factory. Couples who comply with the policy get extrabenefits such as free health care and higher tax allowances, An only child will also get priority in education and housing in later life. Couples who damp the agreement must repay their allowances and pay a fine. Women are also faced the pressure to undergo sterilization after their first child. This encourages state to have one child and therefore affects family life by despotic family size through this policy.Another social policy is Working Family value Credit introduced by labour government and improves the conditions of the underclass. It is a state benefit made to families that work and have low income. It was implemented to provide a system of support to help families tackle child poverty and retrace work pay. The policy tops up the wages of parents moving from benefits to low paid work. It was a system o f support for families by reducing the occur of tax they have to pay. It removes children out of poverty and allows more opportunity deep down the family for children, for example education because with more wealth the child will not experience material deprivation and will gain more ethnical capital, consequently improving their educational prospects and more opportunities later in life.New Right would agree with this policy as it encourages people to have the traditional nuclear families by benefiting from it, functionalists favour this as the nuclear family serves the functions for society to stay successfully. Feminists would dislike this policy as its encouraging women to stay in the traditional nuclear family as they can benefit from it, this causes women to stay in an unhappy relationship where they may be vulnerable to domestic violence. Marxists would also dislike this policy as the family is military service the needs of capitalism, further allowing the middle class to exploit its workers through the family.A final example of a social policy is Sure Start which was implemented by the Labour political relation and aimed at giving every child the best start at life which offers a broad range of services including family health, early old age care and education and improved well being programmes to children aged 4 and under. It was set up to end child poverty, reduce social projection and save money by creating well behaved youngsters who would be less plausibly to get involved in crime. It also brings benefits to health, education and familylife and encourages parents to be better parents , gives single parents opportunities. A study published in celestial latitude 2010, compared 5 year olds in sure start areas with their contemporaries in non sure start areas and found that there were fewer obese children in the areas where the programme had run.Parents felt there were many benefits, they said children were well behaved and healthier. New Righ t despise this social policy as it encourages more single parent families, wise to(p) they will get help from sure start and undermines the traditional nuclear family. Functionalists would agree with New Right as it encourages more single parent families, undermines the traditional nuclear family and therefore the functions cant be performed through the family.Feminists would favour this policy as it lets women escape the oppression from the family, knowing lone parent families will get help from Sure Start. in that respect are 12 and a half hours of free nursery available for children and this can encourage people to spend less time with their children so New Right and Functionalists would disagree as parents are supposed to interact their children. Marxists would also disagree as it creates more flexible hours for parents to work, therefore serving the needs of capitalism.In conclusion, the impacts of government policies and laws can have massive cause on family life and diffe rences in family types.
Wednesday, February 27, 2019
There are many things that can be done by people who make an of the essence(predicate) determination in group. However, roughly people like to make an important finding alone. This sort out whitethorn lead to some undesirable results. I agree that an important decision should never be made alone. Therefore, this essay sh in all explore some reasons why a soul should never make an important decision alone. First of all, it is essential to make an important decision with opposites. As we all know, people need to consider about others opinion to make a right decision. For example, possessor of a big company usually holds a meeting to discuss the problem of their company.This circumstances can assist the owner to make a right decision how to tackle the problem of the company. The other reason is that making an important decision alone can sometimes be done without calculation. As a result, this may lead to a catastrophic result. For instance, on that point are some companies we nt bankrupt because the owner did non get rid of others opinion about their decision. For this reason, other people can service us not to make a reckless decision that may lead to our own miscarriage. Finally, making an important decision with others can help to minimize the risk of making mistakes.Furthermore, it can help to lighten the issue of the people who are in charge of making an important decision. For example, there are always more than one judge in a court to ensure that there would not be an error in making a decision. In a nutshell, it is clear that a person should never make an important decision alone. In my opinion, an important decision should be made with a full consideration as it is highly risky. For this reason, we need to discuss our decision with others. By doing it right, one can take an important decision without a full risk.
Human world has present together gravid tasks on this Earth of Earth, may it be construction undertakes, IT colligate, direction based or sing any other field, give way forces has excelled at invariablyy manoeuvre and impression. To sort any organise of activities as trade union movement, hotshot should foremost cognize what constitutes a Under victorious. Undertaking is a excogitation of activities targeted to accomplish a authorized end, with the aid of limited resources, in a pre clear-cut range frame ( Kerzner, 1998 )Many critics and experts bewilder commented upon the sudden heave of involvement in the filed of stomach Management shown by the houses and particularly to the meridian that this rush has taken, that is beyond the boundaries of the conventional sectors of technology and different structure related lying-ins ( Sydow et al. , 2002 ) Just for case, have identified how immense and large organisations and companies atomic number 18 re-arranging into less(prenominal) interfering instead than being bureaucratic and seeking to go more(prenominal)(prenominal) ductile and lis close to proletariat managing entities.Davies, Brady and Hobday ( 2006 ) suggested that houses and companies in tout ensemble kind of concerns are reasoning that customary organizational formation and hierarchy, every bit thoroughly as subdivisions of runing units, trade divisions and units set up for continuing elevated layer of volume through arrangement of high quality goods and services and for deducing determinations in a relatively steady proficient and market state of affairs, are no longer sufficient.In the fast neutering and increasingly more unstable and obscure ambiance, today houses and concerns are happening that attempt spirit of roughly kind is better suited to the type of probationary problems and gaps of opportunities that they have to manage. Others recommend that lying-ins are acquiring liberally proporti geniusd, more intricate an d ex xded. in arranges more undertakings expand beyond the single administration or house. In add-on, there is cogent evidence of a more cosmopolitan dependence on undertakings, and in addition that this widens beyond the confines of melt downing life to a wider projectification of association The projectification of the public construct attempts to confine the colonization of a heap of note of life with undertaking associated doctrine, policy, methods and traffics, draw a bead oning to baffle a new construct of undertaking clarity. ( Hodgson & A Cicmil, 2003. )Undertaking of the deuce-ace Gorges jamOne of the smashingest and victorful undertakings handled and faultless by the work forces on this Earth is triplet Gorges dekametre chuck construct on the Yangtze River in mainland China. Sun Yatsen, a Chinese political leader foremost wished for make a water governance dkm on the River of Yangtze in 1919 for the engrossed of power contemporaries, entirely the ide a was put on clasp cod to adverse political and stinting fortunes. Major cloudbursts resurrected the thought and the authorities select it in 1954 for outpouring control. Therefore in the history of China trine Gorges labor has a polar topographic point.The undertaking produces galvanisingity, gives protection against deluges, had change magnitude the transportation paths which in bend had positive tinge the undertaking has been of great talk and contentions at the same groomSome of the of deduction statistics of the common chord Gorges dekametre Project are given belowDimensions 185 m ( 606 bottom ) high and 1,983 m ( 6,500 institution ) wideWater Level convinced(p) The course of pee was intended to travel up in 2 stages by 2004 it will augment by 30 m to 125m ( 426 arse ) and by 2009 will raise another 50m to 175 m ( 575 foot ) constitute Estimate In 1985, the sum estimated was predicted to relieve by 2 to 5 times, it was about 10 one thousand thousand US dollars at that clipFinancing Beginnings of financess were different, close to from Corporate Bond, others from loans from Bankss.Materials Used It was record breakage, stuff utilize in ternion Gorges dekameter, that is 1.9 one thousand thousand dozenss or rolled steel, about ram was 1.6 gazillion and cement was 10.8 million dozenss.Construction time period 1993 2009 contribute submerged In a unsmooth figure there were 13 metropoliss, 657 mills. Towns that got submerged were 140 in figure and small towns were 1352 to be exact. relocation of Peoples Resettlement was through with(p) in tierce arranges, 1.3 million people just about got relocated from twelvemonth 1997-2009.Energy Production . It can cover about 11-15 % of Chinese population with around 84 gazillion KW hours produced every twelvemonth.( Statistics collected from hypertext transfer protocol //www.imperialtours.net/3gorges_dam.htm )Timeline of the Three Gorges dam ProjectThe great undertaking of the Three G orges Dam started its construct in 1992 with the blessing of the missive of mental synthesis. The chief grammatical construction of the enclose started in the twelvemonth 1999. As this undertaking took 17 ( 17 ) older ages to acquire finished, therefore the figure of of result events and phases in this undertaking are mentioned below in a simpleton chart signifier. Gantt chart could non take away accommodated itself on the word papers.Jan.25th, 1999 The major(ip) building model of the Dam started in a proper behavior.Sep.15th, 2000 The waterproofing of the 22 underside holes for recreation for the discharge of deluge was done.Dec.31st, 2001 The deposition of the concrete in the three gorges Dam was about 4.0638 million M3 ( regular hexahedron ) which was besides a public record.May 1st, 2002 The Cofferdam was demolished afterwards its intent was effectuate which was to let a path of Yangtze River to spurt into the base of the Three Gorges Dam which guarded the entry int o the chief Three Gorges Dam Project.Oct.21st, 2002 The building of embankment for the inundation discharge was spotlessNov. 6th, 2002 The successful building of the recreation tunnel for the turn tail in the River of Yangtze was completed.Nov. 7th, 2002 The Three Gorges Dam Project entered into the piecing stage because the universe s largest turbine generator was successfully installed into the sound place.May 30th, 2003 The three gaps and mercantile establishments meant for the inundation discharge were opened.June 1st, 2003 Five staged Ship locks and two manner lanes were delirious and started their map of hive awaying piddle.June 16th, 2003 The five-spot staged ship locks and the two manner lane were put into test of pilotage.July 10th, 2003 other set of Power coevals unit was installed along with the grids and its started take up forthing electricity.Aug. 18th, 2003 The tertiary set of power bring forthing unit was connected and started bring forthing power.Nov. 2sec ond, 2003 The chief and the no.1 power unit was installed and set up and started electricity coevalsJan. 9th, 2004 The undertaking of Three Gorges Dam entered into the 3rd stage of Construction during which the largest ship lifter, the right bank of the dkm, the power station was built which were universe s largest.Apr. 30th, 2004 Another no. 7 power coevals unit was connected with the left side of Power station and started operation.July 8th, 2004 The five staged ship locks and the two manner lanes were officially opened after traveling through the test period of pilotageJuly 26th, 2004 Another set up of the power coevals unit, no. 11 was installed and brought to functional degree.Aug.24th, 2004 Another set up of the power coevals unit, no. 08 was installed and brought to functional degree.Dec.28th, 2004 The electricity power works which supplies to the Shanghai starts its operations in the metropolis of Yidu in state of Hubei.Sep.16th, 2005 In one twelvemonth in front to the bui lding agenda in bring forthing electricity, the Fourteen ( 14 ) Machgrs connected to the dekametre through side bank starts its operations.Feb.10th, 2006 The execution of the glade work at the underside of the inclose started.March 29th, 2006 The formal building period of the dike startedMay 20th, 2006 With the support of human resource and pecuniary aid, the Three Gorges Dam was fundamentally completed.Sep 25th, 2007 The H2O degree had risen to 512 pess about, had passed the recession because of inundation and enters 2007.Oct.29th, 2008 All the hydropower bring forthing workss were put into actions and generated powers which in sum were 26 units. The start one being the no. 15 unit was besides installed into the right bank of the dike. This was the last of the power units to be installed in the dikeAug.29th, 2009 The 3rd stage of the Three Gorges Dam Project was checked and accepted, that was to raise the H2O degree to 175 metres, at the ideal tallness.Sep.15th, 2009 The full us age of the dike being flood control, H2O path, and power coevals, all was brought to working phase.( Three Gorges Dam Timeline )Purposes and Aims of Three Gorges ProjectWhile analyzing the benefits that would be derived from the completion of some undertaking, particularly undertakings like building a humongous dike, it is of import that its social impacts should besides be studied before manus. For comparing the wakes of the undertakings it s vitally of import that the former societal state of affairs should be known. And by ciphering the possible hazard of ruins, societal impacts could be measured. There can be positive effects excessively those will be counted as benefits.The major purposes targeted through this undertaking wereFlood controlFlood control was the eldest motivation for the Three Gorges Dam program. Chinese files demonstrated that 200 plus major inundations, on norm about one per every ten old ages, happened between 185 BC and 1900 AD. Floods had an impact on th e economic system every bit good, the loss which took topographic point receivable to large impact on the markets. ( Ministry of Water imagings of Peoples Republic of China, 1994 ) .The storage capacity of the TGD, that is 39.3 billion M3s, over half that was 22.15 billion M3 was fixed and was supposed to be apply for inundation control, which permitted China to decrease the impact of lay waste toing inundations from degrees predicted one time every ten old ages to those predicted one time a century ( www.irn.org, 2004 ) .Power CoevalsThe 2nd but non less of import factor which was the ground for the building of this undertaking of Three Gorges Dam was the monumental power labor. The power supply in China has seen major poor of supply in past few old ages and hence one of the main grounds for which the completion of this undertaking was anticipated was 18.2 million KW end products, which besides do this Dam as the largest power production unit in this universe. This addition in the China s electric supply will give a encouragement to the lifting growing degree of China s economic system. And in approaching old ages it is predicted that China s power supply will augment more. ( Albert,1998 )Increase in NavigationThe 3rd ground towards which this undertaking targeted and achieved was the addition in the H2O paths. The Three Gorges Dam allowed the Pacific Ocean watercourse into Chongquing metropolis. This addition in the navigability affected the economic system in a positive mode, imparting new opportunities of occupations, callings in the countries where economical encouragement was needed. ( Albert,1998 )Handiness of fresh H2OLast but non least, handiness of fresh H2O to the indigens in the close country for the intent of irrigation and cultivation every bit good as for the imbibing intent. The wages that will be gained from the Three Gorges Dam Project are of import and will hold lasting, constructive impacts on the economic system of China.From an economic point of position, the Three Gorges Dam is a dramatic, usable enlargement pick that in add-on has the chance to assist society in footings of security, well-being, and overall value of life. ( Marta & A Jordi, 2006 )The production of aught in itself was such a immense factor that all the negative points against the building of Three Gorges Dam were neglected but however critics embossed their voices and made some issues related to environmental jeopardies, cultural heritage, and population motilitys etc. some of the negative impacts caused by the three Gorges Dam are discussed below. confine & A Distribution SystemOther DamsChemistry for StabilityPower power gridPollutionGenerator No and Type Problem Silt galvanic ResourceSurrounding GeographyConcrete Granite CementStructural REQS habitation Layer Stability & A Tectonic Plate MovementDam StructureReservoir & A Dam WeightWater ResourceDelugingStabilize ConcreteRemissionWater QualityFlood ControlLift/LockNavigationOth er DamsIrrigation( watch 1 A relational web map of the physical constituents of the dike undertaking ) nix impact of the Three Gorges Dam ProjectThe World Commission on Dams in their study have clearly said that buildings of really big dikes have negative affects on the environment. In their study of World Commissions on Dam, they have discussed some of the common jeopardies like consequence on the wildlife in woods, emanation of unsafe gasses like nursery gas, bad impact on marine life, formation of wetlands and inauspicious affects on the quality of H2O receivable to the accretion of H2O from different dikes. ( Peter, 2008 )Resettlements and Relocation of PopulationAnother point of contention that took topographic point in the building of Three Gorges Dam is that whenever a Dam of such a magnitude is constructed, big relocation of population takes topographic point and same happen in the exercise of Three Gorges Dam. In the start is was estimated that 1 million to 2 million of population has to be relocated, but the existent figure was neer confirmed, some say 1.2 million were to be shifted, though more than 1 million people were resettled during the building stage of the Dam. Another facet to the resettlement and relocation was the psychological and societal affect on the population who were to be relocated and hence a chain reactor of community oriented critics were against this undertaking. ( Marta & A Jordi, 2006 )Damage to the Landscape and Cultural HeritageAnother factor which was raised as a inquiry in the affair of Three Gorges was the accommodation in the natural landscape of that topographic point. The degree of reservoir had its impact on the archeological sites and the topographic points counted as antediluvian ruins. The disposal looking for after the building of the Three Gorges Dam said they would seek to keep the cultural heritage every bit much as possible.The Success-Failure outline of the UndertakingThe Three Gorges Dam undertakin g would be considered as a Success patronage a batch of negative impact that it has caused because this undertaking achieved for what it set out as marks. The technology and the managerial section of the Three Gorges Dam were implementing a systematic attack in their Transporting out this undertaking. They all were known and good cognizant of the problems and jeopardies in building this big dike and make fulling it with H2O.Like any other large building undertaking will hold some cost and benefits to it, the Three Gorges Dam besides did hold some cost and benefits. ( Peter, 2008 )The compress TriangleTo mensurate the success of this undertaking, the theoretical account of Iron Triangle will be used. Iron Triangle is the traditional and Orthodox manner of mensurating the success of any undertaking yet this is the most widely used theoretical account for this intent. The Fe trigon is besides referred to as the Project direction trigon. Like any other undertaking and like Fe trigon st ep, a undertaking has its ain restraints which can be clip, cost and range. ( Wikipedia )The Fe trigon constitutes three success standards which are Cost, Time and Quality.TimeQualityCost( Figure 2 The Iron Triangle )Cost of the Three Gorges Dam ProjectThe Undertaking cost was about 180 billion Yuan, which was about 12 % under budget which makes around 30 billion USD. The lessening in the cost of the undertaking was non due to the less disbursement instead it was due to the low rising prices rate in China. The resettlement of the population of the nearby countries of the dike cost around 68.557 billion Yuan, which has besides been include in this entire cost. Construction wise, this undertaking has non proved to be an expensive undertaking because the building cost incurred on this undertaking of Three Gorges Dam was 64.613 billion Yuans and the full return of the cost from the coevals of power is predicted in hobby 10 old ages. The approximative power coevals expected to be gener ated from this Three Gorged Dam is 1000 TW/h. ( Marta & A Jordi, 2006 )The over all clip span that this undertaking took was 17 ( 17 ) old ages, but public treasury eleventh ( 11th ) twelvemonth merely, funding were required because after that the undertaking became self sufficient and generated financess from the power supply of the few power units installed by so. So merely for fist 11 ( 11 ) old ages, financess were needed.Beginnings of FundssThe beginnings of financess included the Construction Fund of Three Gorges Dam, grosss from the Gezhouba Dam, loans taken and granted from the China increase Bank, and foreign commercial Bankss, bonds natured corporate, and net incomes before and after the start of the practicable activities of the dike.The over all Directors utilized the financess allocated for the undertaking really good and completed the undertaking in the lesser sum than expected or was predicted.Time of the Three Gorges ProjectThe clip span of the Three Gorges Dam w as aforethought(ip) in these 17 Old ages, the complete break-up of the agenda was pre planned harmonizing to the old ages.They planned for the readying and the first phase building to be completed in five ( 5 ) old ages that is from 1993-1997, so 2nd phase of building was scheduled to acquire finished in six ( 6 ) old ages, from 1998-2003 which got its milepost on clip and entered into the 3rd stage of its building and completed that in six ( 6 ) old ages excessively boulder clay 2009 and came into functional. Previously the targeted twelvemonth to finish the undertaking was 2008 but so it was rescheduled and 2009 was decided and it git finished in 2009. ( Henry et al.. , 2004 )Quality of the Three Gorges ProjectThe quality of the undertaking was checked and approved at from each one measure, despite the big graduated table and the difficult proficient and societal confronts say by the Three Gorges Dam, the applied scientists of China were able to suppress the obstructors at each phase of the undertaking.A batch unfavorable judgment was done on this undertaking of Three Gorges Dam and a batch inquiries were raised, but these unfavorable judgments did non travel in vain as at each phase and degree, the directors took actions against each affair and resolved the issue by taking steps against them and implementing the controlled program in the building. ( Henry et al.. , 2004 )Until now there haven Ts been any studies of the slits or minor alterations in the substructure of the Three Gorges Dam, which shows that the dike has possible to bear the H2O degree which is maintained in it and was constructed for.Recommendations some(prenominal) the graduated table or degree of the undertaking was, there is ever a infinite between flawlessness and the existent degree of work. In the undertaking of Three Gorges Dam, the decision makers have taken attention of the Time, Cost and quality but the conservationists who had issues sing the unsafe effects on the certain spec ies of the fish found in the Yangtze river were put to hazard. There might hold been some possible manner to avoid that ecological devastation and the jeopardies caused in the environment.The cost of affects caused on the environment was excessively high. Therefore a batch of critics think that the undertaking of Three Gorges Dam from the start was a absurd determination, nevertheless I would instead reason that despite that fact that it caused environmental devastation, it has given china a manner to turn out to the universe that they, with the biggest Dam in the universe are ready to go the 2nd biggest ace power in the this century. China is on its manner for its finish. endingThe celebrated and universe renowned Three Gorges Dam of China has chop-chop achieved its decision. This undertaking of Three Gorges dike, had a immense aggregation of peripheral developmental strategy along with it, comprised the main H2O supply enlargement in the past history of world. As happens with an y other cardinal building programs that well changes or amends a watershed, this undertaking of the Three Gorges Dam had of import costs and payback. Among the most major wages were the production of energy without nursery gas releases, developments in pilotage, and possible lessening in inundation dangers. Among the most notable costs were immense supplantings of 1000000s of Chinese people to do path for the dike and H2O reservoir, farther environmental sordidness of the River of Yangtze s ecology and piscaries, a bead in deposit touching the easterly China Sea, and a lifting hazard of new avalanche and reservoir persuaded seismicity. over old ages, the overall benefits and net incomes of the undertaking would go more obvious.
Tuesday, February 26, 2019
Financial management for the Sm entirely BusinessB. The Thirteen Steps to acquiring a argumentationB. Beginning the hunt-who shtup patron?2. Choosing the method that is best for your situation3. somewhat antithetic methods of valuing a trafficVI. The rewards of croping for yourselfThe decision to leveraging a stage stage contrast of your own is not an easy task. There argon umteen things to consider before the final examination decision is made. First of all, exactly what do you want to accomplish? To make millions of dollars, accountability? Or is it to accept the freedom of being your own boss? Whatever the reason, you must be veritable that it is something that you atomic number 18 ready to devote an exorbitant occur of time and power into and that it is something that you really want. Otherwise, you might be stuck doing something that you hate. If you argon ready to commit indeed you must ask yourself just how far give that commitment extend. How much(pre nominal) of your own time, energy, and capital are you leave behinding to sacrifice?After the decision is made, the acquisition of a small agate line throne be summed-up into social club locomote, in which virtually impart be elaborated upon later. These are the night club steps to any business acquisition, regardless(prenominal) of its size or pains1. The search, locating a business available for sale.2. Identifying substitute candidates.9. Managing the transition period. (Tuller, 10) few considerations that cannot be avoided when purchasing a small businessinclude the caput of deprivationing a partner, the current economic factors, considering alternate locations, and developing a revenue strategy. When debating whether or not a partner is collected or wanted, you need to inhabit if youre going to need additional equity as easy as sharing the risk of failure. For these reasons, a partnership seems to be a great idea, besides at that place are too many cons th at should be recognized. Having too many partners can alter the ease of decision-making, shared liability can cause obvious problems, and sharing wages means less for you. Added to this, getting divulge of a partnership can be very(prenominal) difficult.Evaluating the current economic factors alone means to know what you are getting into. Be sure as shooting to have some knowledge ab start the business itself and its grocery. Know how to make and sell the product efficiently and in a service industry, be sure to know the current and correct focussing things are done-sometimes they are not one in the same. placement is key. Location of the target can be a major determinate in both the financing of the deal and probable success in managing the business after closingTheres no sense spending time, enterprise, and money on a target located in the wrong place. (Tuller, 12) Along with this, the individualised strife of having to travel a great distance to get to work can be very frustrating. So, be sure that the location of your dominance business is advantageous in all way.One the greatest minds of the twentieth century, Albert Einstein, once said, tax is the most difficult thing in the arrangeation to understand. Unfortunately, with the ever-changing laws, that problem gets worse every year. This means that you should have knowledge of the current tax laws. You will have a unique opportunity to make decisions on exactly how much money will change hands, and how I will allocated on the settlement schedule.(Smorgenburg, 112) Maximizing profit for both you and the seller can only be done by dint of proper knowledge of tax law, if you are not comfortable handling this alone, a consultant might not meritless a bad idea.After all of the above is plentytled, the adjoining thing to figure is the amount of initial income is required. Not only the income required to purchase the entity (which will be elaborated upon later), but also the amount of money that you need to go away for the years to come. If you need $100,000, consequently dont look at smaller companies which can only yield $30,000. (Tuller, 23)The following 13 steps will inspection and repair to locate a target and close the deal in the shortest possible time-and when buying a gild, time is money.2. Prepare a reasonable attainment Plan.3. Review current tax laws for structuring the deal.4. Develop a detailed intent for sourcing potential targets.5. Perform a preliminary due coating investigation.6. carry off a price and wrong found on a possible paygrade.7. Perform a thorough due diligence investigation.8. Prepare a complete business plan.9. Develop citations for at least three alternative financing structures.10. Arrange for the final updated due diligence investigation.11. Write the purchase/Sell Agreement and negotiate the final contract language.12. Plan how you will operate the company after closing.Yet an different crucial cats-paw in the purchas e of any business is the AcquisitionPlan. This document cites every step and detail leading to the closing of the deal. Starting with the industry survey, it lists the dough date, the finish date, and the cost of each of these processes. Following the survey is the target search, then on to the due diligence investigations. The importance of this plan revolves around the judicature of a solid purchase. With this, you are able to enact the purchase at the right moment for you, this time being a buyers market. If you need to anticipate out the bear market, you can do it much easier with everything laid out in front of you. Hence, the Acquisition Plan does the job.All of the above steps and considerations are a waste if you are unable to find a business for sale. The difficulty of finding the type of business that you will purchase is put to ease through an M & A consultant, accountant, or simply browsing the Wall Street Journal. A smaller gas spot or party store-type business ca n commonly be found in the local paper. On the some other hand, if you are looking for a larger company, an M & A consultant may be expensive (2-15,000 dollars for a retainer), but this is probably the best way to go. Be sure to ask the consultant many questions regarding his or her creditability. For instance, get a list of references and ask about the number of deals he closed in the bypast 12 months.Negotiating a purchase price involves a thorough rating of the intercommunicate purchase. Evaluation of a business is essential because you need to know what you are stipendiary for and how much you should pay. If you are a buyer, your valuation will also be helpful to you when you meet with lenders, so that you can help justify the mount you are asking to borrow. For this purpose alone, however, a valuation is not generally worth the effort. (Horn, 20) There are many different methods that you can use to properly determine the place of the entity. The most special K method s are as follows the Ability-To-Pay Method, this method is used in almost all buy/sell cases.It makes clear whether the acquisition can pay for itself out of its own cash flow. The Discounted Cash Flow Method is most frequently used when the company is going to be purchased as an investment and held for a limited number of years. It is also used in high-risk situations, much(prenominal) as highly leveraged deals that have more of a proportion of debt than usual. The third method is the Excess Earnings Method, used to value any profitable company. The Excess Earnings method assumes that a business is worth the market value of its tangible assets, plus a premium for faithfulwill if the clearings are high bountiful.(Horn, 51)Another area that must be calculated is goodwill. goodwill is not an operating cost and cannot be depreciated. It does not provide you with tax relief(Smorenburg, 114) Since there is no record of the worth of goodwill, it can be somewhatly difficult to deter mine an accurate buying price. Usually the seller will set the price based on their knowledge of the company. The set price, however, should be reasonable. Negotiations can be made to produce an agreeable price.The succeeding(a) step is to set a purchase price. There is no right or wrong way to value a business. Each company has different characteristics Obviously, the seller will argue that the net asset value method is right because thats what he invested in the business.(Tuller, 103) You should consider all factors in the P/E/ ratios, liquidation value, net asset value, and historic and projected cash flow. After analyzing these aspects of the business, you should be able to determine a fair price for the entity.The letter of intent is a document that aims to formalize the terms around which a later negotiation will revolve. As such, the letter is primarily a tentative offer that remains subject to tho negotiations and confirmation of material facts through a process of due dil igenceBy offering a letter of intent, you tangibly solidify your ensconce and thereby make the seller understand that you are a hard buyer.(Smorenburg, 126)The letter of intent covers the precise terms of the deal, the payment details, and management and other issues involving the transfer. You need to give your accountant and lawyer a draft of the letter for review. This way, you are protected from any loopholes that can harm you. It proves that you are a serious buyer and entices the seller to more openly discuss polished aspects of the business. The letter is a written contract that can be de jure cancelled at any time without the consent of the other party, so be sure that you and the seller are in agreement.Once everything is colonised and you and the seller are in agreement to the term of the letter of intent, the next task you face is finding the initial capital. Using other peoples money to finance a purchase is a key ingredient if business success. Financing falls into two separate categories debt and equity.Debt financing is the most dim-witted of the two. It is basically taking a loan from a lender and paying it clog with interest. It is reliant on the business or individuals ability to pay the loan off. Usually, collateral will be made available to the source of the loan in the case that you cannot continue to make payments. A good credit history and reputation is another aspect that financing is reliant upon. With these, a loan is much easier to get.Equity financing means obtaining cash in exchange for merchandising or giving up a part of interest in the business. Equity financing is not a loan rather, it is the sale of a part of you business.(Fallek, 82) The popularity of equity financing has change magnitude in the high tech industries in the past few years. However, selling a part of your newly purchased business may not be your cup of tea, so choose your type of financing wisely.Some traditional sources of capital include yourself, fa mily and friends, commercial avers, loan companies, insurance companies, credit unions and personal investors. The old saying, dont mix business with pleasure is applicable when dealing with family and friends. victorious a loan from these sources can cause turmoil if the loan cannot be paid back. Banks are the standard for business lending. The amount they charge is based on two factors the size and history of the customer and the risk the bank will take in providing the loan.(Fallek, 85) If you are able to decrease the banks risk and have a standing credit line, you will get the most out of your loan. The other types of traditional lenders are less frequently used, but are also good sources of capital.Nontraditional money sources are unconditioned in number and type, but you need to be creative to scram the necessary funds from them.(Fallek, 89) These sources include customers, suppliers, leasing companies, local development companies, and advertising for money. Customers or potential customers are often great sources of funding, as well as suppliers. Suppliers will furnish you with the necessary equipment and product. Leasing companies and local development companies are also good nontraditional sources of capital. You can actively seek funding by running a display advertisement in the business sectionalization under the appropriate heading in the classified ads of your local newspaper. decide the amount of money undeniable and the type of business for which it will be used.(Fallek, 91)Yet another source for funding might be through the Small Business Administration. They offer different types of loan programs to small businesses. The SBA Guaranteed impart Program grants a loan on the basis that the individual postulate more time than allotted by other lenders to pay back the loan, has insufficient credit, or lack business experience. There are no restrictions as to the number of SBA loans a company or individual may have, as long as the SBAs expo sure does not exceed $750,000.(Fallek, 96)The final step in acquisition of a business is the closing. You will need a lawyer if you dont currently have one. The search for the right lawyer requires certain questions to be answered. For instance, you want to find out the lawyers hourly rates, experience, availability, if there is any conflict of interest between the lawyer and the seller, and any other applicable questions. The best way to find a lawyer is book of account of mouth, ask friends and family for references. When a lawyer is located, you must then begin the examine review.Even thought most buyers work with their local CPA in preparing the business plan and counsel with him on tax matters relative to the acquisition, the visit review should be preformed by an independent CPA firm in the same city as the target company preferably on of the Big-5 firms The audit review consists of a comprehensive look at business since the last audit with particular emphasis on determinin g the adequacy of internal controls and internal reports.(Tuller, 192) Be sure to take this step, it examines all aspects of the business and insures that it is a safe investment. After this is complete, its time to close the deal.The documents generally needed for proper closure are a buy/sell agreement, an earn out agreement, a promissory note terms and conditions agreement, title search and title insurance, lease agreements, employment contracts, personal guarantees, and an equity agreement with the lender. These documents are dealt with and an announcement should be made to the employees, customers, and vendors of the change in ownership. There is a mood of anticipation, of excitement, and even-if the truth be know-of fear. Of all the events which take place in the business world, nothing can match an acquisition closing for sodding(a) excitement and thrill.(Tuller, 203) the actual signing of the transfer documents will not usually take more than an hour. The key is not to wor ry about what you are signing, thats what your lawyer is for. After all the money spent, the time devoted and the effort put forth, the business is finally yours.Running your own business can be very rewarding. You dont have anyone to answer to besides the government. You are in complete control. Along with this the ability to write off certain expenses is enough of a reward in itself. The effort you put forth is exclusively up to you. The life and death of the business is in your hands.
The appleIn this poem, Robert icing the puck uses the symbol of pick out apples to represent the verbaliser units hard work and decisions throughout his feeling. In the Bible, the apple symbolizes knowledge this analogy reinforces the knowledge gained from the utterers action experiences. My long two-pointed l sumers sticking through a point/Toward heaven still emphasizes that the act of pickax apples stool be see as something related to religion. In the book of Genesis in the Bible, evening was tempted by a snake to eat the forbidden fruit of the apple because the snake convinced her that eating it would make her more knowledgeable than God.This humbug can be related to the poem because when Eve eats the apple, she can go up the ladder to heaven because she is omniscient enough to do so. A freshly picked apple could also symbolize opportunities in unrivaleds life. In the poem, the utterer does not successfully pick either the apples, this shows that there were a lo t of opportunities in his life that he never accomplished. Apples I didnt pick upon some bough/But I am make with apple-picking now show that the vocalizer is quick to bump up on the opportunities he was offered during his life. The imagery of the thousands of apples that struck the earth and became bruised also way of life that the speaker has wasted a lot of opportunities in his life.WinterFrost also uses winter to symbolize a long resting period or cobblers last. Towards the balance of the poem, the speaker contemplates whether death is merely the state of hibernation, meaning that there is life later on death or just human residue where the speaker is able to wake up the next day tho to find that he has to continue living his old life. In beginning 12 And held against the world of hoary grass the word hoary mover frosty, the poet has chosen this specific word in position to show the speakers pessimistic view about the world and reiterate the speakers contemplations a bout death. StructureThe poem is not structured into any stanzas because the whole poem is one stanza. It contains forty-two seams but hardly cardinal sentences. If the sentences were highlighted, it would look like the steps of the ladder mentioned in the second line of the poem. These steps emphasize the speakers longing to die in order to go to heaven.The poem has multifarious end-rhymes, but it doesnt own a regular pattern. I was well/Upon my way to nap onward it fell/And I could branch is an pillowcase of some end-rhymes that allows readers to vicariously speculate an image where the speaker is drowsing off with his head slowly handout down and up again. The rhyme words well, fell, and tell emphasizes deep pile. There were also some assonance present in the poem Stem end and blossom end, andMagnified apples appear and appear. These assonances were also used to provide readers with a drowsy feeling.The number of syllables of from each one line of the poem varies fr om two to eleven syllables. The longer lines of the poem add to the residuumy mood of the poem but the short and abrupt lines bring to pass a sense of hesitation and the sudden awake of the speaker from his sleep. For example Cherish in hand, lift down, and not let fall shows the speakers dreaming state of mind while For all emphasizes a sudden alarm for the speaker. ToneThe overall tone of the poem is pessimistic because the speaker is upset with his failures in life and is just passively wait for his long sleep or death. This can be seen when the speaker was picking apples and gives up when he was unable to successfully pick all the apples. Apples I didnt pick upon some bough. But I am done with apple-picking now shows that the speaker gives up his opportunities in life so good by simply saying hes done with apple-picking.Towards the end of the poem, he sarcastically says Long sleep, as I describe its advance on/Or just some human sleep. By adding or just some in front of hum an sleep, the speaker hints to the reader that he is sick and tired of having to wake up from his sleep to find that he has to run the same old, monotonous life that has no meaning. The speaker wants to be like the woodchuck that is able to hibernate during winter and is able to start a new life after it wakes up from hibernation. The speaker wants to have a new life and not the current one hes leading. RepetitionThe word sleep is repeated six times in the poem, to strengthen and reiterate the speakers feelings of drowsiness. The word sleep gives the strongest effect at lines 35-40. There is a rhyme between the word Heap in line 35 and the word sleep in line 38. Another kip is repeated in the same line This sleep of mine, whatever sleep it is. The last the lines of the poem Long sleep, as I describe its advance on/Or just some human sleep nicely ends the poem with a sleepy tone. This ambiguous line leaves readers uncertain whether the speaker is indeed just having some human sleep or has already entered his long sleep.Long sleep as mentioned above, was an euphemism for death. Frost juxtapose the words long sleep and human sleep in order to contrast the fact that long sleep implies life after death and human sleep implies boring and old life. The speaker is beingness a little sarcastic because he doesnt even sustentation whether he is going to die or not. He says he king go for a long sleep or just a normal human sleep. The poet raises a question to readers about whether human being know what happens after they die. Humans cannot know what comes after death it is only through their faith in a religion that can give them a sense of where they are going after death.
Monday, February 25, 2019
Celebrities ar those people who argon endlessly under public attention. The media and fans ar keeping an eye on their gothic or kayoedrageous antics. Such people influence the world because the young look upon them. Most tabloids, magazines publish various articles about famous people, and hemorrhoid of teenagers and crimson adults want to know of all timeything. Journalists do non only assign information about the known facts about the celebrity. They try to get a great deal of photos which would show the person not from the best typeface. They do this just to realize more(prenominal) readers. The private life of public figures becomes unprotected. It is no wonder that it is unattainable to look perfect every the time, and paparazzi catch much(prenominal) moments by taking spontaneous photos.The media want to honor out everything about the celebrities, and usually, they are not looking for something inviolable. S send awaydals, affairs, illnesses, problems are th ose is fulfils that create intrigue. Paparazzi invade loneliness ludicrously and make out this to be a norm. However, celebrities are just ordinary people who merit to put one over personal lives which are not recorded. They go for secrets, and it is normal that they are not eager to allocate this with all the world. What is more, paparazzi start chasing children, friends, parents of famous people. It is strong to bear in mind that everyone should have privacy, and media should step back from occupy personal lives.It is not that difficult to become a celeb these days thank to various TV shows and the Internet. It seems that being famous is just about paseo on the red carpet, taking beautiful photos, and attending parties. The spotlight looks deceptively great. However, everything changes when media start chasing others to get scandalous overbolds. When a celebrity begins a new relationship, changes job, gets pregnant, or gets involved in all other personal situations, thi s all becomes known on the Internet pages. And it is not even the worst brass. The biggest discriminate is that often of people adore criticising others. They share their opinions, write comments, although you have never asked them to discuss your private life. It is good if much(prenominal) comments are positive, entirely when they are focused on the negative side, it becomes annoying and embarrassing.Another negative side of invading the private life of celebrities is that they cannot simply go outside to have a cup of coffee. Photographers, fans, journalists are always waiting for the person from the nighest corner. Famous people have to hide faces just to avoid such overwhelming attention. sometimes even ordinary people need privacy and solitude. However, these words may sound unreal for the celebs. sight have to make that being famous is just the same job as any other teacher or doctor. Each profession requires privacy because we are all humans and should respect each other.The most dangerous aspect of the paparazzi is that their chases for a sharp photograph of the celebrity can turn into a fatal event. The world-known tragedy with Princess Diana happened in 1997. She was called the most hunted person of the modern age, because she was popular all around the globe. Princess Diana was followed by hundreds of journalists and photographers every day. Paparazzi did everything possible to ascend out where she was going or driving. They wanted to get a good shot, write a booming article in the magazine, and get lot of money. Photographers spent days and nights trying to find Diana and pile a picture. However, these weirdo chases happened too often. One day when Princess was followed by the speeding car with paparazzi, the fomite where Diana sat, crashed and she died very quickly. After this situation, people started to despise such crazy attempts of photographs to find celebrities. Unless such obsessed chases stop, thither result be more and mor e similar fatal events.Each human deserves privacy because sometimes there are such events that people do not want to share with anyone. Thinking about the celebrities who suffer from serious illnesses and take hospital worry abroad, it seems weird that paparazzi may follow such people just to take a photo of an ill man or woman. in that location are lots of situations when photographs post pictures with celebrities who feel bad, have an awful look because of medical treatment or surgery. It is more than clear that no human provide ever have a desire to show such photos even to friends. What can be the persons reaction when his pics are over on the Internet? This may lead to stress, depression, other diseases. There is no excuse for those photo-hunters who neglect individuals privacy at to the lowest degree when the person does not feel good.It is significant that the fans, as well as social media representatives, see clear limits between the public and private life. There is a lot of information which people want to find out about the famous personalities. For example, it is interesting to know how the celebrities achieved success, what their motivation and inspiration are. Journalists can ask such questions during the scheduled time for an interview. However, when it comes to personal life such as love, friendship, salary, these issues should be kept in confidentiality, unless the person wants to share this with everyone. solitude intrusion is not ethical because it is intentional, and should be forbidden by law. Peoples photos should be posted only with the permission. Otherwise, paparazzi must be fined. Sometimes when secret photographers post bad pictures and add scandalous articles, this may stop private lives. In such situations, famous people have to sue the journalists who invaded their privacy. Having said that, some people say that bad fame is still fame. Because of the plough of paparazzi, unknown people can become popular. However, it is st ill up to them to make up whether such sacrifice is justified. It means that if a public figure is against privacy intrusion, his or her desire should be protected by law.No motion which life a celebrity leads, no one can ever have a right to judge a person and propagate gossips via the Internet. It is not that hard to make a photo and create a scandalous title which will make somebody notorious. However, it is hard to recidivate good fame for a famous person after such gossips. Unfortunately, lots of readers are blind, and they believe everything they see. There is no guarantee that the photo has not undergone Photoshop Editing or the whole news is just a gigantic lie. People should be more critical when commenting on such posts which have relation to the celebrities personal lives. If humans appreciate one another as well as the personal space of each individual, there will be fewer conflicts and problems not only in the world of celebrities but everyday life of ordinary peop le.
An Economic found mensuration is the optimal number of company that minimizes total variable be required to order and hold job-taking, that is to say, that EOQ helps us to settle down the appropriate amount and frequency when ordering and holding inventory. EOQ is use as part of a continuous review inventory system, in which the level of inventory is monitored at all measures, and a fixed quantity is ordered each time the inventory level reaches a particular(prenominal) reorder point, as it shown in the left-hand graphic, where R is the minimum inventory.Moreover, EOQ is essentially an accounting formula that determines the point at which the combination of order costs and inventory carrying costs are the least. The result is the most cost telling quantity to order. Also, EOQ is generally recommended in operations where strike is relatively steady, items with demand variability such as seasonality usher out save use the stupefy by going to shorter time closes for th e EOQ calculation. This Model have som assumptions that are grave to take into account 1. necessity is known and is deterministic, ie. constant. 2. The lead time, ie. he time between the placement of the order and the notice of the order is known and constant. 3. The receipt of inventory is instantaneous. In other words the inventory from an order arrives in one batch at one point in time. 4. Quantity discounts are not possible, in other words it does not mention any difference how much we order, the price of the product will still be the same. (for the Basic EOQ-Model) 5. That the only costs pertinent to the inventory imitate are the cost of placing an order and the cost of holding or storing inventory over time.The basic Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) formula is WhereA = Demand for the year Cp = appeal to place a single order Ch = Cost to hold one unit inventory for a year Then, the earlier formula try to Minimize the Total cost per period, that consist in Total cost per per iod = inventory holding costs per period + order costs per period Where Order Cost = The Number of Orders pose in the period x Order Costs Carrying Cost = average Inventory Level x the Carrying Costs of 1 unit of profligate for one period Then as a Result of this minimizing we lower the Total Relevant Cost (TRC) which is TRC = yearbook Holding Cost + Yearly Ordering Cost = So we can see that the Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) is derived from this formula as the graphic shows. Economic Order Quantities can also have many variations on its basic model. The most utilizable ones are * Quantity discount logic can be programmed to build in conjunction with the EOQ formula to determine optimum order quantities. approximately systems will require this additional programming. * Additional logic can be programmed to determine max quantities for items subject to spoilage or to prevent obsolescence on items reaching the end of their product life cycle. When used in manufacturing to determi ne lot sizes where production bombardments are very long (weeks or months) and ruined product is being released to stock and consumed/sold throughout the production run you may need to take into account the ratio of production to inhalation to more accurately represent the average inventory level. * Your safety stock calculation may take into account the order cycle time that is driven by the EOQ. If so, you may need to tie the cost of the careen in safety stock levels into the formula.
Sunday, February 24, 2019
Similarly, the 1992 adaptation of Bram fire fighters Dracula by Francis hybridisation Coppola has an change surfacely complex theatrical performance of Dracula. Francis Ford Coppola was born in 1939 in Detroit, USA, except he grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father was a composer and musician, while his mother had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated with a degree in drama from Hofstra University, and did graduate puddle at UCLA in filmmaking.He was training as assistant with film maker Roger Corman, working in such capacities as soundman, dialogue director, associate producer and, eventually, director of Dementia 13 (1963), Coppolas first feature film. In Francis Ford Coppolas representation of Bram Stokers Dracula, he chose to represent a typically malevolent creature as a complicated, minatory yet sensitive individual. In this interpretation, Dracula apparently has human emotions he is feeling what humans fe el. He tried to suck Jonathan Harkers fianci es blood but is overcome by emotions and memories of his dead wife, and spares her for the fourth dimension being.He also has human urges, both physically and mentally. But scorn how humanlike Dracula may seem in this version of Dracula, he is still surrounded by the obvious evidence that point to the evil part of his person . He is dressed in red and coloured robes which connote blood and mordant-like things. But his polite voice is used as a with go down onal from his unnatural aura. He has weathered and very gruesome skin which emphasizes the connotations of blood, and ghostlike hair that match the colour of his skin. Also, his mogul to puzzle on any form facilitates the fact that he is a sinister character.Also, the mis-on-scene on various occasions make Dracula seem even more sinister than normal. The music alternates, the lighting is dim on a close up shot which shapes a sense of concealment and makes the witnesser use thei r imagination. Despite this, Draculas distressed emotional offer might make the viewer sympathise with him. This interpretation of Dracula by Francis Ford Coppola would be suitable for an even more modern audience than Nosferatu and Hammer Horrors version. The viewers of this film will suffice to it with a variety of emotions.They might have been frightened of Dracula because of his ability to transform and take on any form which might activate a sense of paranoia within their minds and make them consider that anyone around them could be Dracula himself. But they might also sympathise with Dracula because of his traumatic loss, and might feel a connection with him as they might manage how he feels, loosing a loved one. They could view him as a unregenerate and self-controlling villain because it is unlikely for a vampire to resist the urge to raciness into fresh skin, e finically when it is offered to them on a plate just as Jonathan Harkers wife was to Dracula.So why are th ose 3 representations of Bram Stokers Dracula so different? I think its due to the time when the movies were made. During the time when Nosferatu was made, the applied science was terrible and nothing had been invented that could create a half-decent movie. But in Dracula (1952), technology had clearly veritable which made it possible to create a movie including advanced special effects and costumes.Furthermore, in Francis Ford Coppolas version in 1992, the technology had improved even more, making room for a movie that re-defines the caliber and meaning of the movie Dracula. Another reason why representations of Dracula changed extra time because people have come up with pertly ideas. I think this links in with the idea of what society are panic-struck of, which is another(prenominal) reason why the representations of Dracula have changed overtime. This is because as society becomes scared of new things, then people have to come up with new ideas to satisfy the needs and wants of their audience.I think that Francis Ford Coppolas representation of Bram Stokers Dracula is the some effective because he visualized a typically evil being with characteristically no emotions, as a self-controlling and strong willed individual. He turned a villain that is most likely to be a hated icon amongst most people, to something that could draw the feeling of kindness and consideration from the viewers hearts, eradicating the fact that he is a blood-sucking villain that deserves to have a stake pushed through his seemingly stonyhearted chest.
The short news report The Gift of the Magi uses ele workforcets from How to Read Literature give care a Professor in chapter 7 called Or the Bible. The short story includes biblical references concerning the main theme of sacrifice and the gifts from the heart. The story also includes references to volume from the Christian bible.Starting off with the title they even use a biblical reference with the Magi. The Bible is full of possible titles, from how to read literature like a professor. The Magi were in the New Testament and they were the wise men from the East who brought gifts to baby Jesus on the first Christmas. Christmas, which is a enormous part of the story, is also a biblical reference to the Christian religion. O all who give and receive gifts, such as they are wisest. everyplace they are wisest. They are the magi.Its said in the story that Dellas tomentum would envy the baron of Sheba. It also says that Jims watch would envy queen regnant Solomon. The Queen of She ba and King Solomon both are famous figures from the Old Testament.Queen of Sheba and King Solomon are both known to be very rich. The proportion of Dellas hair and Jims watch to Queen of Sheba and King Solomon shows how all-important(a) and precious those items are to Della and Jim.The story is also biblically related because Della and Jim give up the one of the most important things to them to buy presents for each other. That shows how much they venerate each other. This story also represents sacrifice. Instead the story resonates with the richness of extreme antecedes, with the power of accumulated myth.
Saturday, February 23, 2019
I have literally found a solution for all Americans struggling to mitigate their individual(prenominal) financial crises this day. They can non just sit back expecting the govern manpowert and business to charm wonders. It is time for them to take personal responsibility for the economic downturn. Orwell (1945) was correct when he wrote that All animals are created equal but any(prenominal) animals are to a greater extent equal than a nonher(prenominal)s, actually referring to human beings whom scientists refer to as animals.Throughout the story of humanity, people have generally known that they were created equal. And yet, there have been separations, discriminations, dissimilarities, and inequalities, for the background that God, Nature or Evolution depending on what we choose to believe in did not grant equal abilities, talents, and gifts to all human beings. Some men are voluminouser and more intelligent than the others. Some are born deaf, dumb, and blind. And, many mu st rely on income support because they just cannot beat penury on their own.Then there are those who neither care that others persevere poor nor hold themselves back from buying things they may or may never actually use simply because it is fashionable in our consumer confederation to purchase unnecessary things as these objects make the individual who purchases them appear as though he or she belongs to a high socioeconomic anatomy (Twitchell). As though this is not ridiculous enough, our consumer society enjoys humorous advertisements close products rather than people as the source of all personal satisfaction (Kilbourne).No wonder the divorce rate is high, compounding personal misadventure during the current economic recession. Undoubtedly, advertising is a hallmark of capitalism. In other words, it is a representative of Mammon. We generally assume that we cannot imagine a gentleman without advertisements because ads represent the human need to enjoy life to the fulles t with the best of food, clothing, etc. But, Kilbournes article, Jesus is a Brand of Jeans, reminds us that this need does not have to exist beyond our changeable minds.Yes, it is possible to imagine a innovation where publicity is meaningless. In this view of the world, everybody must be satisfied, without some of the people envying others, some others enjoying chocolate cake, while the rest grieve because they did not get a piece. Most importantly, in a perfect world we would not have to hoard in order to appear rich and famous to the others. Rather, we would be content with ourselves without feeling the need to impress others with our higher(prenominal) incomes, statuses, etc.If we are able to change our mindsets in our consumer society, we would not withal have to save up to attend classes in happiness institutes (Schumaker). This would decidedly lighten our personal financial burdens finished this economic mess confronting our nation. Moreover, regardless of what we posse ss at present if we honestly long to get through our personal financial crises what if we try to share the little that remains with us, be it our skills or funds, with those that are less fortunate? This seems like yet some other scientific technique to change the mindset of the consumer society.It is all possible, after all. This is America. permit us get through our personal difficulties with the American Dream radiation diagram It has worked. It still works. It would always work. Sincerely, NameReferences Kilbourne, J. Jesus is a Brand of Jeans. Chapter 11 Consumer Society. Orwell, G. (1945). Animal Farm. London Secker and Warburg. Schumaker, J. F. The Happiness Conspiracy What does it mean to be joyful in a modern consumer society? Chapter 11 Consumer Society. Twitchell, J. B. Needing the Unnecessary. Chapter 11 Consumer Society.
racialism is variety or abusive behaviour towards another race or religion. Australia is a very young multi ethnic hoidenish where at hand is soused evidence to suggest that Australia is racialist, and in contrast there be some examples that support this questions that we humans beings can stick out in peace and consent with all Australians. According to the ABCDiamond The proportion of the population of Australians born all overseas is quoted over one quarter of Australians were born overseas. This means 25% of Australians atomic number 18 born overseas.Some possible relieve oneselfs of racialism can be of an institutional racism, which means that a group of pack cook the identical faith ab step to the fore a certain type of person. Racism can be from the past and what people of many different generations express to others about it which follows to be a stereo type of a group of people, such as Germany and the Jews. Many people whitethorn think because Hitler was Germ an that all Germans were and unendingly will be bad. At times we hear parents and grandparents being racist found on their opinions on humans events such as family 11.This created hatred and anti-Muslim feelings in the oecumenical public. In Australia Muslim leadership verbalize by dint of the media condemning the attack as many Australians started to form racist opinions about all Middle Easterners. This is an example of indirect racism based on stereo typing. Sometimes racism may simply be caused by ignorance and judgment formed through a lack of fellowship and information. This may be considered unsporting and unfair because people are circuittle based on a stereotype.Professor of Geography from the University of Western Sydney says that Australians arnt dealings with heathen diversity properly and are being racist and snotty-nosed to those whom are from a completely different culture and the government pick out to do more to manage this issue. Another example of r acism was when Dr Hanif was deported for hazard links to terrorism. Other stereotypical attitudes present amongst Australians include, Asians are bad drivers, Aboriginals are lazy and a burden on society, Middle easterners are fighters and the cut are arrogant.The Cronulla riots of 2005, was an example of mob violence and interracial racism among the Lebanese and local Anglo youth to reclaim the beach and to move out of their suburbs. Another resent development is the racism towards Indian students studying in Australia. People assume that they are taking study places and jobs from Australians when they are often wealthy, self-supporting and not necessarily a accepted representation of all people from their country.They are often being targeted by groups within Australia for their display of wealth (I-pod etc) Racism will continue because of general comments by the public and the influences of the media. For example 9/11 has made our world a place of heightened security, sentie ncy and nervousness sorticularly as we affiliate to members of different cultures . Sometimes discussions between peoples opinions can grain racism in younger generations. Media sources such as the news and the profit can be covering stories in ways that present submit towards a group or race and this can also cause racism.The governments inactions to take a stand against racism may also contribute to racism continuing. Surely the government with its intake of migrants and refugees needfully to take a greater look at how to encourage communities to live more harmoniously. One example, in which the Government does promote diversity and acceptance, is through an annual initiative called Harmony Day. On March 21st, 2010, schools, communities groups and organisations celebrated our cultural diversity to show that everyone belongs. Another community effort raising cultural awareness was the Indian concert by A.R. Rahman which was organised as part of the Sydney Festival in Parramat ta last year.The event was part of a wider initiative of the New South Wales Government to ease relations between the countrys significant Indian population and the wider Australian community. According to the Indian Local, (January 17th 2010) Cricketer Matthew Hayden interviewed members of the audience during breaks. The thing to remember is that we are all the same inside, said a young man he spoke to. This is a very important statement because it could actually be the key to preventing advertize racism.If all Australians could believe this way, we would live in a more inactive society. Many would argue that Australia, with its large population of overseas born people is a non racist nation. We have suburbs in Sydney which delight all cultures and imply multiculturalism at its best. The Italians in Leichardt, Lebanese in chromatic/Bankstown, and Chinese in Cabramatta and Chinatown in the city. Governments and local councils might encourage festivals and awareness through enter tainment and local media e. g. Chinese New Year festivals. This is a display which shows that Australians are indeed quite accept of other races.Governing policies such as the Commonwealth Racial variety Act (1975) aim to ensure that everyone is treated equally, regardless of their race, colour, descent or nationality or ethnic origin. According to the Australian Department of immigration and Citizenship we are processing applications for asylum seekers from war torn countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The Asylum Seeker Assistance Program is a scheme that has been set up by the government to assist these people with income support, and advice as they await to gain refugee status.This is an example of how the government is accepting and supportive of new migrants in our country. Similarly the Rudd government showed compassion to the Aborigines when we Closed the Gap in 2008 by apologizing publicly to the Aboriginals for mistreatment of them by our country. This public recognit ion of unfair and unjust treatment shows a willingness to be a non racist country in the eyes of many Australians. So, is Australia a racist country? It is evident that Australias growing population of migrants will continue.With this growth it is hard to predict that racism will cease. However, the need to reinforce that all humans have feelings and have rights will be the answer to stopping racism. We need help from the government, media and leaders in our society to breakdown institutional racism. We need to take a more collaborative approach as Australians and as members of the global community. Racism has no quick fix solution but with improvements in colloquy and understanding of each other as individuals we can create a more harmonious place to live.
The purpose of this letter is to express my pertain in working with your company in a management capacity. I have over 15 years experience working for a major bottling company utilizing my Sales and Operations management skills which would be an plus to your organization.My diverse background includes serving in the United States Army Reserve. In both my military and professional career, I have demonstrated elegant leadership abilities and exceptional customer service skills. I successfully create a solid sales team consistently mentoring and motivating faculty to meet and exceed company sales quotas.In addition to the skills remark on my resume, I can also offer your companyAn earnest soulfulness seeking new endeavors, accomplishing personal and professional goals.A multi-tasking individual leveraging sales and marketing skills to exceed sales quotas.Excellent analytical ability with solid verbal and written communication skills.I hold off forward to speaking with you furth er to discuss my skills and qualifications. You can reach me at the number listed above.
Friday, February 22, 2019
It is interesting to read the 7th chapter of major Themes of the account book. There is an abundance of information explaining the traditions and fundamentality of this argument. It is really interesting to cypher the commonalty threads that run through the three major religions. When curse and daimon is discussed in the Quran it is a lot referred to along with the jinn. The jinn are the metaphoric representation of the humans. They are often imbued with names such as satans or the Devil.There is much made from the repeated statements that satans stealthily attempt to taking into custody news from the heavens but are driven away. (Major Themes of the Koran 121) It then(prenominal) goes on to say that the jinn were effrontery the opportunity to listen to the Quran, and then study the path of good or evil. It is important to note that the information is given to Mohammed from God, and that it is not recorded that the Prophet Mohammed had an contact with the jinn. In the Qur an, Satan or evil is not seen as the enemy of God, but rather the correspond and enemy of men and women.Satan cannot touch God, is not an equal, so satan preys upon men and women to rebel against Gods command. In the Bible at that place is the similar belief that Satan is at that place to tempt men and women to assure Gods commandments. A parallel could be drawn amidst the Qurans warnings and the Bibles warning to be keen-sighted against the activities of Satan. O people Enter all of you into peace and do not follow the footsteps of Satan, for he is your manifest enemy. (2208) Satans power is derived from the flunk of men and women.In the Quran the devil appears more cunning and disingenuous than strong. . . (Major Themes of the Quran 125) The devil simply invites people to make an error, people palliate have the ability to say no. The story of decade and evening is a common theme through both the Bible and the Quran, and it illustrates this purport well. The apple was si mply offered, perhaps cajoled, but never forced. Again the common thread, all people must guard against the influence of evil, because it is insidious. The Quran often parallels jinn to mankind, the struggle between evil tendencies and good are in both.It detail why it is easy for people to deceive themselves into believing what they are doing is just, ut in reality is just self-serving behavior. Satan is often referred to in the plural satans in the Quran, illustrating its use for both mankind and jinns. There is no satan independent of these two types of beings according to the Quran, one must pull through for the other to exist. Satans is also used to for disbelievers. It is said that they take in satans at the exclusion of God. It is believed that as God sends messages to his prophets, so satan sends messages to his wicked followers. Major Themes of the Quran 130). The theme of satan and evil is interesting as it appears in the Quran. There are many parallels with the Bible, s uch as the story of Adam and Eve. The struggles of men and women against the temptation of evil, is another parallel in the Quran and Bible. The Quran does talk about jinns, which is different than anything mentioned in the Bible. Another large fraction is the belief that all disbelievers are evil. Consequently I believe there are more similarities than differences.
Examples of paragraphs that shows coherence and unityExample 1 This is a dependable example because it responds to the prompt in first person, the expatiate are thoughtful and personal, and it follows the structure Ive taught you very well. I slightly changed the topic sentence to make it connect better to the supporting sentence. I have to a fault made some grammatical/vocab corrections so that you wad stress on content and structure when you read.To redeem good grades in classes, I need to plan to do tether things. origin of wholly, listening carefully to the teacher in class makes me understand the lesson. If I listen carefully to what the teacher says, I can ask questions just active things that I dont understand. I can overly do the right homework that the teacher assigned. Second, doing my homework every mean solar day makes me recap the lesson from class. The homework cares me to practice many things from class. I can also view questions in the homework to ask the teacher that go out make my incline better. Third, making an effort to study gives me the leave behind to learn. If I dont make an effort, I will be lazy. The will to learn makes me tense to finish the homework furst, and past I will let myself go out with my friends. Finally, I try to make a plan to get a good grade in class, and I will ache by it. ceremonial occasionThe yellow topic sentence is echoed (but not repeated) in the yellow last sentence.The three green sentences get out an thinking (listening) and past gives more training about that idea.The three blue sentences introduce a second idea (homework) and then gives more data about that idea.The three pink sentences introduce a third idea (making the effort to study) and then gives more information about that idea.Notice the use of the transitions first of all, second, third, and Finally.Example 2 This is a good example because in time though it responds to the prompt in second person, the details are over again very thoughtful, and the paragraph has a strong structure. I have again made some grammatical/vocab corrections so that you can focus on content and structure when you read.There are some usable ways to get the grade you unavoidableness in this class. Before the class, you moldiness preview the lessons you will listen to tomorrow. Previewing is a perfect learning drug abuse to help you improve your learning efficiency. After previewing, you can know what the teachers will teach the net day. Then you can listen to your teachers with the questions you found the day before. In the class, you have to listen to your teacher carefully. Your teachers are professional and dedicated, and they can solve all of your problems about your studies.Listening carefully can also help you to get more information or details about tests. You can also confirm the knowledge you are not certain(predicate) about, and it is an important way to improve your grade. Practicing more after class is als o an important part. More practice for grammar or writing can help you to memorize. Dont be show speak more English, and you will improve your speaking and listening. The more exercises you di, the higher grade you will get. If you want to get the grade you want in this class, do these things before, in, and after classes.NoticeThe yellow topic sentence is echoed (but not repeated) in the yellow concluding sentence.The three green sentences introduce an idea (listening) and then gives more information about that idea.The three blue sentences introduce a second idea (homework) and then gives more information about that idea.The three pink sentences introduce a third idea (making the effort to study) and then gives more information about that idea.Notice the use of both time speech and billet of time words as well as repeated words for transitions
Thursday, February 21, 2019
Leonardo Da Vinci Science and Paintings Leonardo was a polymath which nitty-gritty he was real knowledgeable and had a large number of expertises in globey different subjects, a polymath is also cognise as a renaissance man which Leonardo was titled by many people. He was the first to combine math and science together. Da Vinci started the science revolution which revolutionized the expression that scientists researched their information ever since. Leonardo Da Vinci is widely known as mavin of the greatest painters of totally while and has created many iconic and famous word pictures.He used his knowledge of science and his esthetic talent together to enhance his art depart. He used objects and pieces of objects that would affect the way light appeared on some of his work and used his study of domain of a function to enhance and create nature cover chargegrounds and paintings. Leonardo never finished his work in a short period time he continuously took a few years or mo re to complete them in means for his nearly famous pieces. The Mona Lisa is one of the most famous pieces of his collection. Mona Lisa is the lift out known, most visited, most written about, the most sung about and the most replicated art painting in the world.Mona was a painting of another mans wife that had been asked to be painted. Leonardo never returned the painting back to the couple even though he was paid to do the painting. This painting was started in 1503/1504 and was worked away at slowly until 1519. The Last Supper is another very famous painting of his. This painting is the most reproduced religious painting of all time. The painting showed Jesus and his twelve disciples eating supper when he announced that one of the disciples would betray him. This painting was started in 1495 and was completed in 1498.