Saturday, March 9, 2019
AP Us History DBQ
the Statesn elaboratenessism in the introductory(a) nineteenth century and early 20th century was, to a double extent, a continuation of past fall in States expansionism, while as well as departing with previous expansionism in some aspects. During the period of time amid the late nineteenth century and early 20th century, the States was going through of import changes. After a revolution in Cuba against the Spanish, as well as the Americans starting the Spanish-American War, the Americans received several territorial concessions from their defeated opponent.Thus, America started on the path to imperialism, gaining several more(prenominal) territories in a short core of time. Such an expansion in the late 19th century and early 20th century was mostly a continuation of past United States expansionism, such as that in the West after the Louisiana secure and Mexican-American War. However, the new Imperialism was different from expansionism in new(prenominal) aspects, such as how America acquired the new territory and where it was located. Overall, United States expansion in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was very similar to previous expansion, only departing from it by a very small margin.In the early 19th century, the Louisiana procure was made between the United States and France, in which a large come up of French territory west of the Mississippi River was bought by the U. S. A few decades later, the Mexican-American War was fought between the U. S. and Mexico. By the end of the war and Mexicos defeat, the U. S. acquired until now more pull down to the west, including a lot of land along the peace-loving coast. The continental borders of the U. S. were essentially the same as they are now in modern day. In both cases, the concept of Manifest Destiny play a very important role.Individuals attri aloneed expansion with the idea that America was gap its influence and culture to less fortunate peoples. Josiah Strong wrote about such a c oncept in his piece, Our Country Its Possible Future and Its extradite Crisis, stating that further Anglo-Saxon expansion was inevitable and would extend into all part of the world. As the U. S. entered the era of imperialism, some opposed the concession of Pacific territories to the U. S. , notably the Philippines. In response, some politicians decided to address such feelings, one of them being Senator Albert J. Beveridge.In a speech to Congress, he expressed a view documentation the idea of Manifest Destiny and based upon that, argued that territory obtained by the U. S. in the Philippines should not be refused. From its differences with previous western expansion, some didnt authentically learn a reason for the U. S. to become an imperialist country. Though it could be viewed as a way for America to splay social and pagan influence, certain individuals viewed it with much contempt. Cartoonist Thomas Nast expressed certain conflicting ideas with his cartoon, The humans P lunderers in Harpers Weekly.By depicting German, British, and Russian imperialists winning part in the possession of territory around the world, he seemed to see imperialism as a competition between countries to gain both land and power. Thus, it is implied that if America were to get involved with such acts, it would be to compete with early(a) countries rather than to benefit themselves or others. Another view is presented with Josiah Strongs work, which both associated expansion with Manifest Destiny only when also tell it to be a competition between rivaling countries, a survival of the fittest between different races.An avid supporter of American imperialism, naval strategist Alfred T. Mahan summarized his views in The Interest of America in Sea Power. He saw expansion as a sort of competition, and in order for the U. S. to stay at equal footing with world powers such as Germany and Japan, they needed to expand their influence into the Pacific. Only then, as is mentioned, w ould the U. S. be able to respond to other nations with its great sea power. In comparison with previous western expansion, was imperialism justifiably correct? There are reasons for it to be considered both a honorable and immoral thing to do.As America entered the age of imperialist expansion, certain groups were super opposed to the policy, especially members of the American Anti-Imperialist League. In their platform, imperialism is shown to go against traditional American values, betraying certain major documents such as the Declaration of Independence and the formation for its violation of individuals freedoms ( specifically people living in the territories acquired by the U. S. ). Problems were also being presented by this form of expansion, as determined in the unequivocal Court Case of Downes v.Bidwell, which identified that granting citizenship to inhabitants of territories outside the continental U. S. was much more difficult than doing so for those within the borders. However bad it may possess seemed, there was still some support for an imperialist policy. Theodore Roosevelt supported it, stating that it wasnt a result of a hunger for land and resources, but a desire to help less fortunate peoples and bring stability and successfulness to their societies. Others also viewed Americas Open Door policies in china to be beneficial for not just the U. S. and China, but for other nations as well.From the early 18th century to the beginning of the 20th century, America expand from a small group of colonies into much of North America and counterbalance into the Pacific. In acquiring territory west of the Mississippi River and gaining territorial concessions from the Mexican-American and Spanish-American Wars, America has been able to identify itself not just as an expansionist country, but as an imperialist one as well. Both concepts differ from to all(prenominal) one other to some extent (how the territory was gained, where the new territory was located), but for the most part the two periods are very similar to each other.