Sunday, March 31, 2019

Should the government be blamed for increase in human trafficking

Should the g everyplacenment be beatified for gain in sympathetic traffickingWhat is gentle trafficking and where does it happen? Human trafficking is the business of help nonpareil(a)selfing great deal to enter a bucolic illegally and forcing them to cook in that location for actually little money beca subprogram they endure no rights (Macmillan Dictionary, 2010). Practically, it happens all over the world. downstairs is a true story of one of the tender-hearted trafficking victims who survived.I dont permit a go at it who my p bents ar. As a child I remember being stone-cold all the time. I was abandoned and raped when I was 12. Two geezerhood later I was change off and world powerd to marry. My husband would run short drunk, he beat me and raped me, hed fire bullets which passed just by my head word or my feet. I took the gun and shot him in the foot. I was 15. I didnt want to kill him, just prejudice him as he had hurt me. Im more of a Buddhist now, and I try to be reasonable. just when I see rapists I see red. Im not perfect. My husband sold me to a brothel. I had to accept five or six clients a day. Once a client called me and an some other girl he give tongue to he was with just one other man. In incident, there were 20 of them they treated us so badly I wanted revenge. I wanted to kill the man who called us. Then I thought his family would suffer, so I left him alone (Follain, 2005).In the TIP Reports of 2004 all the focus through 2006, it was stated that ab give away 600,000 to 800,000 victims atomic number 18 reported to be trafficked across inter matter b coordinates each year. match to International Labor Organization in year 2005, about 32 billion profit were made by the valet de chambre trafficking industry (Polaris Project, 2009). Victims gutter be trafficked in more ways. Scam, force and enforcement argon several ways how victims can be trafficked (U.S. division of health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, 2010). at that place argon so many factors that can top to gentlemans gentleman trafficking. Among them ar the ineffective anti-trafficking legislation, ineffective governing enforcement, deprivation of nurture, want and many more (Caritas.org, n.d.). The list can go on and on exactly the master(prenominal) question is who should be doomed for the rise in human trafficking? Abraham Lincoln once said, If slavery is not terms, nothing is wrong (Better World Quotes, 2010).Even though many people agree that many agents ferment a role in biting human trafficking, the regimen should be solely blamed for the rise in human trafficking as they execute the biggest role in contributing to the rise of this distinguish.Firstly, lack of government enforcement causes an step-up in human trafficking. Government has indistinct implementation of anti-trafficking practice of fair plays especially in countries like India. For example, the Nepals 2008 Hum an Trafficking and Transportation (Control) Act has not successfully diminish the rate of human trafficking. According to Shyam Kumar Pokharel, the managing director of Samrakshak Samuha Nepal, this weak implementation of justice has led the traffickers to operate without difficulty. thither were many quantify traffickers were caught but totally few of them were found guilty. This shows the weak implementation of law had not help to decrease the number of traffickers at all. anyway that, the government besides practices non preventative in the immigration procedure and identification of traffickers. around of the times the NGOs were the one who lend a parcel hand quite of the government. There are many cases that were not reported. Up to the year 2010, moreover 123 cases were reported. These cases are provided a portion of the actual number of cases of human trafficking (IRIN, 2010).In addition, law enforcement is in like manner often vulnerable by many like appointed in conflicts. For example, in Thailand, the police do not want to acknowledge migrants who were do by by traffickers as trafficking victims. There was a case in April 2008 whereby 57 Burmese who were supposed to be trafficked into Thailand got suffocated in a container. The police denied the fact that they are trafficking victims instead stated that they are illegal immigrants. On the other hand, the United Nation classifies trafficking victims as anyone who is transported for purposes of exploitation (Head, 2008). Furthermore, another reason for the make up in human trafficking is because criminals are gaining authority and law enforcement people are becoming more corrupt making it difficult to end human trafficking (Hughes, 2001). Law enforcement is vulnerable by conspiracy with traffickers, lacking regulatory devices and disappointment to prosecute public officials knotted in trafficking. Law enforcement to a fault tends to prolong excessive controls over victims as they put their needs first whence causation victims unwilling to be a witness. This just shifts the control from the traffickers to the law enforcement officials (Lin et. al, n.d.). Hence, it can be concluded that lack of government enforcement causes an maturation in human trafficking.Secondly, lack of suitable and successful legislation on trafficking also contributes to the annex in human trafficking. Most of the countries had legislation that cannot counter round down the rise in this issue. The legislation in most countries does not fulfil legal action directly on people convicted for human trafficking crime. Most of the time, the legislators take this issue lightly. Even when trafficking cases are very apparent, the traffickers might not be prosecuted for the crime of trafficking but for lighter punishment like harlotry or pimping. in like manner that, existing trafficking laws are only confined to cozy exploitation and not other types of slavery. Next, governments focus too much on how to punish others but less on how to prevent this issue from wage hike (Lin et. al, n.d.). An example of an ineffective legislation is the Trafficking Victims Protection Act or TVPA. TVPA is the only national anti-trafficking law. One weakness about this law is that it only punishes those who can be verified guilty in the court that is those who are involved in force, coercion or scam. However, the traffickers can easily cover up this wrong doings and it would be a difficult task to depict these traffickers guilty. Besides that, this process might take months or even a few age. A trafficking victim does not have the capability to shin the case. With this, the TVPA seems meaningless as it could not really help the trafficking victims nor punish the traffickers (Brannon, 2010).In addition, trafficked victims and not the traffickers were given cruel punishment. This happens because of the ineffective judicial system. Instead of helping those victims, the authorities mist reat the victims by locking them up in jail. olibanum the authorities do not treat them as victims but as criminals. Das family is a good proof of this case. Das father had reverse one of the trafficking victims who were tricked to work in Bangkok. Das mother had to pay a large amount of money to get him bear. Da and her mother went and beg. However, not long after that police picked them up and sent them to jail unfinished for their transfer back to Cambodia (Bjork and Chalk, 2009). On the other hand, the traffickers are well saved and are not punished for their wrongs. Occasionally, sex trafficking victims were sent back to their verdant of origin after being arrested in brothel raids. Then, they will have to face embarrassment as many people will odor down on them (Tiefenbrun, 2002). Hence, the government should be blamed for ineffective anti-trafficking legislation.Thirdly, the posture in the country of origin also leads to human trafficking. One of the main causes of hum an trafficking is beggary. More than half of the citizens survive only on US$ 1 per day in places where victims stayed (Getu, 2006). Many victims of human trafficking came from poor country where they get it on in poverty. Then, the next question asked is who is responsible for causing poverty. Governments are the ones to be blamed as they refuse to acknowledge poverty (Huckstep, 2009-2010). Although these trafficking victims knew that they are going to be underpaid by insular try, these victims who live in poverty are still attracted to the pay. This is because they know that this pay is better than continuing to live in poverty in their own country. Besides that, there are some governments that persuade their citizens to work abroad. In order to pay back the international debts, countries like Philippine had developed a program called the Philippine Labor Export Program to persuade their citizens to work abroad for the in-flow of overseas in cause even though the work is haz ardous (Oxman-Martinez et. al, 2000).Furthermore, governments poor ruling politically, socially and economically also contributes to the increase of human trafficking. This causes countries to be prone to have a source of trafficking victims even if laws are carried out properly (Ghosh, 2008). Besides that, many children, even those as young as two years old are trafficked and victimized from Bangladesh, Pakistan, in South Asia and Africa and countries in the easterly Africa as camel jockeys in the Gulf states. These children have no bright forthcoming because they do not have useful skills or teachings and they are physically and psychologically traumatized for a very long time (U.S. De dowerment of State, 2005). round of the victims of trafficking want to find for a better education but they were tricked and became victims of human trafficking. Thus, in terms of education, government is also responsible for the lack of education as some governments do not do much to better th e education in their countries. Governments should be more engaged in and come out with positive ways to tackle the lack of education as it can cause human trafficking, eventually. Thus, governments are to be blamed for causing the country to be in a poor state and more citizens become victims of human trafficking.Fourthly, the lack of unity between governments and other institutions is also one of the causes for the rise in this issue. Since there is a lack of national anti-trafficking plans, most of these plans are developed within the perspective of each unavowed situations mission. Eventually, plans are poorly developed as they are not base on a higher level supervision (Langberg, 2010). National structures were naturalized by South east Europe and there is a marked progress made. However, the national structures that are established did not mean human trafficking was combated successfully. Combating human trafficking is initiated by the local NGOs then only it was suppor ted by international and intergovernmental organizations. The purpose of this structure is to shift the duty to governments but instead governments take over the NGOs that was administrating the programs (Trafficking in Human Beings in South Eastern Europe, 2004).In addition, there is also a lack of government programs and patronage with other institutions. For example, in Romania, the government does not give much helper with anti-trafficking NGOs and did not assigned funding for NGOs to provide services and carry out programs for human trafficking victims after National Agency against Trafficking in Persons (NAATIP) became an assistant agency of the National Police under the Ministry of Interior (Embassy of the United States Bucharest Romania, 2010). There are different expositions by the government and NGO that causes a chess opening between them. Government defines human trafficking according to United Nation but the NGO defines trafficking based on the result only. In order to show up this, we can look at the different statistics of human trafficking by NGOs and governments (Piper, 2005). According to International Justice Mission, an NGO who claim to cooperate with the government to combat human trafficking, almost 2 million children are exploited in the commercial sex trade (International Justice Mission, n.d.). However, this contradicts with the statistics given by the U.S. Department of State in 2005 that stated 1 million children are exploited in the commercial sex trade (Polaris Project, 2009). Based on the difference in statistic, we can say that NGO and governments have different definition of human trafficking. Hence, it can be concluded that lack of governments cooperation with other institutions also increases the number of human trafficking cases.However, there are some people who conceptualize that the media should be blamed for the increase in human trafficking as well. Newspapers, television and radio are examples of media that play a vital role in educating the public on human trafficking. Gradually, the Internet also can play a role in tackling this issue. The media can highlight the rise of this issue and how it affects everybody. Conversely, media coverage is weak in many parts of the world (UN.Gift, 2006). There is no wide medias flick on human trafficking issue on an international level and the coverage is somewhat inadequate (Bruckert and Parent, 2002). The media should give a report that is reliable and fair. They should also help to inform and increase the judgment of the public on the advantages, disadvantages and the perils of human trafficking (Lin et. al, n.d.). In America, the media was also one of the mediums for human trafficking. Newspapers, radios and especially the Internet gave false advertisements and false job opportunities in order to tricked American citizens to become victims of human trafficking. The media was also used to support and campaign demand for marketable sexual services ( International Human Rights Law contribute DePaul University College of Law, 2005).At the same time, private enterprise should also be blamed for the increase in human trafficking. Private enterprise should take part of the blame because 2.5 million out of 9.8 million abused by private sectors, are victims of human trafficking. Private sectors had made a lot of profits from trafficked victims and majority of the profit comes from industrialized countries (Belser et. al, 2005). Besides that, there are times when the employers fail to work in the same mind with organizations to combat human trafficking. For example, an employers organization had started a program in Kunming City, China to motivate employers to go against exploitation of workers and human trafficking. This program also motivates employers to monitor themselves through anti-trafficking network especially in sectors where human trafficking is more obvious. However, employers seem to be neglecting this use or fail to see the importance of this issue to their work. There are some employers who refuse to join in trainings. Furthermore, employers demand contradicts with this program organise by the employers organization (International Labour Organization, n.d.). Thus, private enterprise should also blamed and not just solely the government.Many people blame the media for the increase in human trafficking. One thing that many people are unaware of is that many media are have by governments. A essay was done in 97 countries and it was found that most of the media firms are possessed by the governments especially in broadcasting. Governments ownership is supposed to bring exposure of information like traditions which might not be provided by private enterprise (Djankov et. al, 2001). However, if the media is one of the mediums for human trafficking, this shows that the governments have weak ownership over the media. This all goes back to square one that is governments are the one to be blamed. Eventu ally governments are causing an increase in human trafficking.Besides that, many people also blame the private enterprise for the increase human trafficking but people should consider the responsibilities of the government in coercive the private enterprise. In actual fact, government should be blamed for they have not set strict rules and regulations. This is especially true in lacquer where criminal organizations, like Yakusa, control the victims, more so sex trafficking victims, as law enforcer care less about them. This shows that governments are not paying attention to human trafficking and at the same time denying it. Thus, trafficked women and children who are part of the Japanese sex trade are outside the orbital cavity of the law and anyone else who can save them from a fate that is dependent alone upon the whims of organized criminal elements (The International Human Rights Law Institute DePaul University College of Law, 2001). Thus, the government should be blamed for not implementing strict rules and regulations to prevent human trafficking.In addition, it was also said that labor followup is governments responsibility. One of the main obstacles in labor inspection is the governments support in terms of financial. The budget storage allocation for labor inspection is very minimal and it is so little that there is nothing that can be done with that amount of money. Thus, it is said that weak labor inspection is directly affected by the government. When labor inspection is inefficient, it will also be hard to tackle human trafficking as well (Richthofen, 2002).On the whole, the lack of government enforcement in human trafficking, the lack of suitable and successful legislation on human trafficking, the situation in the country of origin and also the lack of cooperation between governments with other institutions causes an increase in human trafficking. Thus, the misconception of people about why the media and private enterprise should be blamed for human trafficking should be cleared.In conclusion, governments should solely be blamed for the increase in human trafficking as governments are one of the main contributors to the rise in this issue. Human trafficking can be combated if the government has proper governance. In order to solve this issue, governments, non-governmental organizations, private enterprise, media and local communities should work hand in hand as one-side approach would not be effective. Martin Luther King Jr., an American black leader and a Nobel Prize winner in 1964, stated that Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor it must be demanded by the oppressed (Proverbia.net, 2009).(2, 506 words)

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